20-05 - Commander and Staff Guide to Liaison Functions
Liaison officer (LNO) functions are critical to the successful integration of diverse capabilities across military and civilian domains. Despite the importance of these functions, the Center for Army Lessons Learned continues to capture observations which indicate significant issues concerning the selection, training, and employment of LNOs. This Handbook is designed to provide planning and execution guidance for the employment of LNOs in a single source document.
20-01 - Corps and Division Planner’s Guide to Reconstitution Operations
This handbook serves as an aid to corps- and division-level staffs as they plan and prepare to conduct reconstitution operations. It provides insights into challenges the staff will face when planning reconstitution operations, outlines responsibilities of key individuals throughout the process, and finally provides planning considerations to facilitate an all-encompassing reconstitution plan.
19-18 Commander and Staff Guide to Rehearsals, A No-Fail Approach
This handbook provides a cohesive instructional manual on rehearsals; it incorporates doctrine and best practices to mitigate unit challenges in executing rehearsals at all levels, while also acknowledging that the basic tenets of rehearsals have not changed. U.S. forces operate in a complex operating environment of cyber, multinational, and multi-domain players. This environment increases operational complexity, thus necessitating timely and effective rehearsals to optimize these capabilities and increase the likelihood of success.
19-16 - Commander and Staff Guide to the Battlefield Coordination Detachment Handbook
This handbook is designed to inform Army leaders of the BCD's functions, roles, and capabilities, along with best practices and lessons from numerous exercises, experiments, and named operations. These insights should prove invaluable to all Army leaders, newly assigned BCD personnel, and organizations that work with BCDs.
19-08 - Musicians of Mars III Handbook
Musicians of Mars III “The Cobra Strikes” picks up the tale of LTC Milner and Task Force Mustang in the aftermath of their successful defense (in CALL Handbook 16-12, Musicians of Mars II) of engagement area Blackjack. The responses to that publication from our tactical audiences was that there was appetite for a follow-on publication that emphasized offensive operations. This volume delivers. As with Musicians of Mars II, this handbook takes the reader through a fictional scenario where the tactical leaders make decisions, some good and some not so good, that impact subsequent actions. Musicians of Mars III will have its leaders learning and improving as they progress through tactical engagements. This was intentional in the development of this publication, and is designed to facilitate tactical discussions at the company and platoon levels.
19-06 - Advising at the Senior Level Handbook
Advising at the Senior Level offers advisors at senior or ministerial levels a perspective on operating more efficiently with international governments, ministries of defense, embassies, and foreign security forces. It bridges gaps in expertise when advising at the ministerial level through insights and best practices -- highlighting what senior advisors do, how the operational environment differs, and describing how to integrate through the processes of the Department of Defense, Department of State, and the partner nation. Our purpose is to provide key insights and best practices for senior advisors in a convenient reference that enables their work at the ministry, department, and component levels. The insights in this handbook are applicable down to the tactical level and should be shared widely.
18-37: The Army Combat Fitness Test Handbook
This handbook is a compilation of products developed by the Center for Initial Military Training (CIMT) in preparation for the Army-wide implementation of the ACFT. Refinements are expected as testing units provide feedback, but in the interim, this handbook provides commanders, leaders, and Soldiers with a guide to preparing for and administering the ACFT.
18-33 - Transition to a Joint Force Headquarters - Planning Insights for Echelons Above Brigade Handbook
The Transition to a Joint Force Headquarters - Planning Insights for Echelons Above Brigade Handbook leverages Center for Army Lessons Learned collections in active joint operation areas and joint exercises to provide commanders and staffs at echelons above brigade a guide to transitioning to a joint force headquarters. Our purpose is to provide key insights, lessons, and best practices for commanders and staffs at echelons above brigade for forming and operating as a joint headquarters. The areas of emphasis in this handbook are: forming the joint headquarters; planning and operating in the joint/combined operating environment; building the command and control architecture; integrating force enablers; and, leveraging joint, interorganizational, and multinational processes.
18-28: Operating in a Denied, Degraded, and Disrupted Space Operational Environment Handbook
The space domain is a vital component of the emerging concept of multi-domain battle and the warfighter is reliant on the capabilities it provides to be successful in executing operations. This collaboratively produced handbook will give the warfighter techniques and strategies to successfully operate in a denied, degraded, and disrupted space operational environment (D3SOE).
18-24: The First 100 Days of Platoon Leadership Handbook
This volume for new platoon leaders and platoon sergeants contains insights on leadership, training management, Army systems, and more. Vignettes and lessons from current and former platoon-level leaders allow newly assigned leaders to learn from those who have gone before.
18-16: Maneuver Leader's Guide to Stinger
The Chief of Staff of the Army directed the Army to execute a plan to increase short-range air defense (SHORAD) capability. The immediate solution is to train and arm teams of Soldiers organic to select brigade combat teams with Stinger missiles. This directive is one line of effort as the force structure for a dedicated maneuver SHORAD capability increases. This handbook is meant to serve as a guide for the maneuver leader to help train and employ their Stinger teams.
18-06 - Leader’s Guide to Digital Liaison Detachment handbook
This handbook provides leaders and supporting staff in the operational Army with an overview of how to plan, train, and leverage the capabilities of digital liaison detachments (DLDs) that render a critical capability for mission command liaison and interoperability. Also included are operational insights from Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) assessment teams during exercises Anakonda 16 and Saber Guardian 17. DLDs are assigned or attached to selected theater armies and Army Service component commands. They are employed at theater armies or in support of corps and division echelons. These teams provide an Army Forces (ARFOR) commander with the capability to conduct liaison with subordinate or parallel joint and multinational headquarters within the operational area.
CALL Insider Newsletter 4th Quarter, FY2019
This update illustrates our commitment to optimizing for multi-domain/large-scale combat operations (MD/LSCO) and multinational interoperability. Next year’s Defender Europe exercise will test that commitment, and CALL will be there to document those lessons for the Army. Also, as the Army continues to modernize critical core capabilities to compete against near-peer adversaries, CALL is finalizing its initial MD/LSCO report on the gaps and challenges to field sufficient, capable forces to compete and win in this environment.
CALL Insider Newsletter 3rd Quarter, FY2019
Key publications this quarter include the "Battlefield Coordination Detachment" handbook, several graphic training aids, and initial impressions from Yama Sakura. This edition also includes input from the Combat Training Centers and best practice and after action report submissions.
10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) the last CJFLCC Iraq-- A Series of Thoughts on Transitioning from Combat Operations to Enabling Civil Authority (Iraq) Newsletter
The 10th Mountain Division deployed its Headquarters to Iraq in February 2018 to assume the role of Combined Joint Forces Land Component Command. However, the Division deployed during a period of transition to a new Headquarters construct within the Combined Joint Task Force (CJTF), and found itself rapidly adjusting to a change of mission once on the ground. The Division staff was instrumental in shaping the new CJTF Headquarters and played key roles in understanding the operational environment and operationalizing the Reliable Partnership plan. The focus of the Division on working with the Iraqi Security Force (ISF) has been fundamental in its efforts to set the theater for Phase IV (stability) and Phase V (enable civil authority). This Newsletter focuses on the 10th Mountain Division’s experience dealing with the initial transition of the Army Headquarters and mission in Iraq.
90-6 The Musicians of Mars: A Story of Synchronization For The Company/Team Commander - Newsletter
“The Musicians of Mars: A Story of Synchronization for the Company/Team Commander” is the first volume in the four-volume series of CALL publications. The books draw their name from a quote from MG George S. Patton in 1941. He describes commanders on the battlefield as akin to conductors of fine orchestras: “There is still a tendency in each separate unit ... To be a one-handed puncher. By that I mean the rifleman wants to shoot, the tanker to charge, the artilleryman to fire ... That is not the way to win battles. If the band played a piece first with the piccolo, then with the brass horn, then with the clarinet, and then with the trumpet there would be a hell of a lot of noise but no music. To get harmony in music each instrument must support the others. To get harmony in battle, each weapon must support the other. Team play wins. You musicians of Mars ... Must come into the concert at the proper place and at the proper time.”
This volume tells a story of synchronization from the maneuver team commander's perspective. It is not intended to be the perfect solution, rather a story showing the critical tasks that most commonly cause units to not meet their training objectives. The characters and the battles are fictional, the story is not. The successes and failures are found everyday as units around the world train for their concert with Mars. Our intent is for the reader to finish with a better understanding of synchronization and how better to prepare themselves and their soldiers to become "Musicians of Mars."
CALL Insider Newsletter 2nd Quarter, FY19
The CALL Insider for 2nd Quarter, FY 19, features a synopsis of CALL products published during the January-March timeframe, a glimpse at what is coming soon, updates from our liaisons at the combat training center, and other news you can use.
19-03 - Multinational Joint Forcible Entry Operations Blue Flag/JWA 2018 Newsletter
In May of 2018, 7,000 personnel from 162 organizations representing the militaries of the United States and nine NATO partners converged on five training sites in southern Germany as part of the U.S. Army’s first Joint Warfighting Assessment (JWA). The common goal was to advance their collective ability to overcome aggression from a near-peer competitor in Europe. In pursuit of this goal, they trained to fight as a single, cohesive, and multinational division against a near-peer adversary. This training produced numerous lessons, many of which are detailed throughout this publication, about how to foster interoperability and about which concepts and capabilities will enable multi-domain operations (MDO). JWA 18 was an important step forward for the Army as it seeks to adapt the force to the demands of a rapidly changing and complex world.
CALL Insider Newsletter 1st Quarter, FY2019
After almost six months as CALL Director, I've made a few organizational changes that are primarily invisible to you, but are efforts that further CALL’s mission in driving change and supporting the Army as it transitions to a large-scale ground combat operations focus. Expect to see our products and collections reflect that change as we support exercises and deliver handbooks and other publications.
CALL Insider Newsletter September 2018
This is an exciting and challenging time to be a Soldier. As the new Director of the Center for Army Lessons Learned, my principal goal is to continue our organization?s service as one of the drivers of Army change and the Army?s daily focal point for adaptive learning ? providing timely and relevant knowledge to our warfighters. Our Army?s warfighting shift from counterinsurgency to near or peer competition and conflict requires deliberate learning, sharing, and training for large-scale operations.
CALL Insider Newsletter MAY-JUN 2018
One of my regrets as I wrap up my two years as the Director of CALL and 30 years of military service is that I did not give enough back to the Army so that the Army as a whole could learn. I was very good at conducting unit After Action Reviews and implementing unit-level changes, but was not good at informing the Army institution through writing articles to periodicals and submitting After Action Reports to CALL and others to use in driving necessary changes for problem resolution and to share best practices for adoption by others. This is an inherent responsibility for every member of the Army and particularly for Commanders. The better we do at this the more ready and lethal we will be. Learn from my lesson and do better at this than I did.
CALL Insider Newsletter Mar-Apr 2018
In my almost two years as CALL Director, I’ve asked for and received feedback from Soldiers and leaders in the field: What products are you using? What topics should we be covering? How can we keep you informed on trends in the force? We have always listened, and whenever possible, we have taken steps to drive change and improve our processes. On this note, I am pleased to announce an upcoming product that incorporates two feedback initiatives. Our “The First 100 Days for Platoon Leadership” handbook, expected publication in May, is a direct result of Soldier input to members of our collection teams. Further, we are making it available via our new pre-order capability. Now you can visit our CAC-enabled website, select items for pre-order, and have those products sent directly to your unit as soon as they arrive at the Army Training Support Center warehouse. Please let us know how this initiative is working at your level.
CALL Insider Newsletter Jan-Feb 2018
CALL Insider Newsletter Jan-Feb 2018
18-10 - Brigade Sustainment in Decisive Action Operations Newsletter
The following collection outlines observations and best practices from the National Training Center (NTC). It exposes the challenges of providing sustainment in a decisive action environment but should assist units to tie the sustainment plan with the scheme of maneuver. It should also help develop home station training to address current gaps and shortfalls observed at the NTC.
News from the Front
NFTF - The Front of Military Education and Security Cooperation
Security cooperation is a multifaceted effort that requires more than just planning to develop the skills of a foreign security force. In 2017, the National Defense Authorization Act created the DOD Security Cooperation Workforce Development Program (SCWDP) to develop and manage supporting security programs, improve the quality of the security cooperation workforce, and ensure personnel have the appropriate level of expertise and experience to perform their missions. The 2017 NDAA also directed the Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) to manage the SCWDP’s training and education standards, as well as identify and define training and certification requirements. Specifically, DSCA was required to “establish and maintain a school to train, educate, and certify the security cooperation workforce … .” To meet this obligation, DSCA established the Defense Security Cooperation University (DSCU) in September 2019, to educate and certify 20,000 U.S. government employees’ security cooperation and standardize their training. This article provides a brief description of the threat environment security cooperation must work within, an overview of the new DSCU, a discussion of the legal requirements emplaced on the DSCU, and an example course from DSCU.
NFTF - The Science of Control: Synchronizing Current Operations Cells
The current operations (CUOPS) cell is essential to translating plans to orders and eventually to the execution of combat operations. The CUOPS integrating cell is critical in synchronizing operations, sustaining the common operational picture and mitigating risk to the mission. In the operations process, the CUOPS cell is the commander's most prominent tool to understand, describe, visualize, and direct operations. This article discusses the processes and techniques that optimize CUOPS cells’ control over forces. In addition to command and control systems, this article intertwines techniques to manage CUOPS personnel and enhance the rapid decision-making and synchronization process. The operations process of planning, preparing, executing, and assessing forms the outline of this article. The intent is to bridge doctrinal understanding with the practical application of managing a CUOPS cell.
NFTF - Tactical-Level Multinational Interoperability During Operations Resolute Support and Freedom's Sentinel
A Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) military analyst (forward) embedded with the 264th Engineer Clearance Company (Spartans) and developed observations base on their operations in support of Operations Resolute Support and Freedom's Sentinel. The Spartans provided CALL with these insights while conducting combat patrols on area denial and route clearance, as well as experiencing a look at a "Bloodhound" package.
NFTF - The Engagement is the Mission
Soldiers that will serve as combat advisors have to recognize that the engagement is the mission and choose to make that paradigm shift. Five areas for combat advisors to focus their energy during and frame their understanding of combat advising are clearly understanding the objectives, wargaming, interpreter preparation, understanding what the questions of the key leader mean, and understanding the importance of the recorder. The application of these baseline combat advising concepts will result in combat advising success.
NFTF: How the Kosovo Security Force Built a Successful Lessons Learned Program
The Kosovo Security Force (KSF) has an exemplary lessons learned program that continuously contributes to improving its training and operational performance. The KSF’s successful lessons learned program did not happen overnight, but developed over a period of almost five years with continual senior leadership support, outside assistance from the United States Army’s Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL), and its own internal, progressive improvements to its program.
NFTF: Building Partnership Capacity through Train, Advise, and Assist - Insights from BG Jackson, Commander, 1SFAB
The 1st Security Force Assistance Brigade, led by BG Scott Jackson, supported the NATO Resolution Support mission and Operation Freedom’s Sentinel from February to November 2018 as the Army's first unit dedicated to training, advising, assisting, accompanying, and enabling conventional foreign security force partners. This article outlines the observations of BG Jackson and highlights areas including predeployment, measuring training success, continuity, and use of what he calls the “Afghan blanket.”
NFTF - Building Partnership Capacity through Train, Advise, and Assist - Insights from BG Jackson, Commander, 1SFAB
The 1SFAB supported RSM and OFS with the Army’s first unit dedicated to training, advising, assisting, accompanying and enabling (A3E) conventional foreign security force partners from February to November 2018. The 1SFAB had a positive impact on NATO and U.S. strategic initiatives in Afghanistan by advising Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) at tactical levels of command that had not been consistently and directly advised since 2015. 1SFAB regularly advised kandaks, brigades, corps headquarters, regional military training centers, and the Capital Division responsible for securing Kabul. 1SFAB’s six battalions advised Afghan partners in every Afghan National Army (ANA) corps and each of RSM’s regional Train, Advise and Assist Commands (TAACs). The brigade also advised Afghan National Police (ANP) and Afghan Special Security Forces (ASSF) units.
NFTF - Joint Force Land Component Command - Synchronization of the Land Domain
In November 2018, United States Army South hosted the second annual Joint Force Land Component Command Planning Conference at Joint Base San Antonio/Fort Sam Houston. This year's theme was "Synchronization of the Land Domain." The event brought together key land domain stakeholders across the United States Southern Command area of responsibility. The focus of the event was to plan and collaborate on complex mission sets, prioritize resources, establish timelines, and set the conditions for current and future operations.
NFTF - Conference of American Armies - Countering Threat Networks
The Conference of American Armies (CAA) is a military organization made up and led by armies from the American continents with the authorization of their respective countries. The CAA conducts a two-year cycle of specialized conferences and exercises hosted by different member armies. During this XXXIII Cycle of the CAA, 2018-2019, the U.S. Army conducted the specialized conference on Military Support to Countering Threat Networks (CTN) at San Antonio, TX, from 4-8 February 2019.
NFTF - Operationalizing Knowledge Management in an Army Service Component Command
This article is an account of the experience and initiative that drove major change in the U.S. Army South Knowledge Management (KM) program from 2017-19. This record of enhanced practices and procedures is based on both doctrine and best practices. Although compiled from the capabilities and requirements of a single unit, the insights and lessons have applicability across the force, certainly with other Army Service component commands.
NFTF - Fighting with Afghan Fists: Insights from CSM Todd Sims
This News from the Front, a Center for Army Lessons Learned (CALL) publication, highlights Command Sergeant Major (CSM) Todd Sims’ insights and observations during his deployment in support of Operation FREEDOM’S SENTINEL and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)-led RESOLUTE SUPPORT mission. The interview and unit information is provided solely by the CSM of the 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault) at Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan on 2 December 2018.
News From The Front: NATO Standardization Agreements (STANAG) for Commanders and Staff
This news from the front is the result of a CALL study analyzing recent exercises in Europe that determined common interoperability areas for improvement. When operating with a European based multinational force, what are the NATO Standardization Agreements (STANAG) for interoperability? After identifying areas for improvement, CALL conducted a review of NATO STANAGs and publications to address those issues. This publication informs the force of NATO STANAGs to consider enabling success in the next multinational exercise.
CALL Insider 1st QTR, FY 2020
Latest publications, articles, best practices, and graphic training aids from CALL. This edition also features an article from the National Training Center Commander, Operations Group, entitled "Focusing on the Fundamentals."
NFTCTC - A Peek Behind the Curtain: Leveraging Interagency at JRTC for Real-World Engagement
The purpose of this article is to facilitate effective engagement between unified action partners (UAPs) and the centerpiece of the Army's formation, the brigade combat team (BCT). It provides valuable insights from interagency (IA) and international organization experts who have supported dozens of training rotations at the Joint Readiness Training Center. The goal is to help BCT leaders and units better navigate and leverage UAP, particularly IA, in the operational environment.
NFTCTC - Unit CBRN Readiness Training - A Way
There appears to be a dilemma on how to manage finite training opportunities and best conduct small-unit level chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) tasks during home-station training to ensure units are effectively trained in mission oriented protective posture gear exchange, selective unmasking, and decontamination. Much of what will be asked of a Soldier against a near-peer threat in a contaminated battlefield will require fighting "dirty" for extended periods of time. Maneuver formations at the brigade level and lower will need to conduct hasty decontamination as far forward as possible in order to continue to sustain operational tempo. Mission success requires proficiency in these basic CBRN skills. This article is designed to describe a training approach that will generate the necessary basic CRBN individual and collective skills proficiency.
GTA 07-01-006 - Grenadier Guide
This graphic training aid (GTA) provides technical information about combat techniques for the M320 grenade. Which gives designated grenadiers basic information to successfully integrate the M320 into their combat operations. Refer to Training Manual (TM) 3-22.31.
20-02 - U.S. Army South Transition to a Multinational Force Headquarters (PANAMAX 18)
Operation FUTURO NOBLE (PANAMAX 2018) is a U.S. Southern Command-sponsored, combatant commander exercise. The exercise scenario focused on a multinational response under a United Nations Security Council resolution to counter security threats to the Panama Canal and surrounding region. This book also addresses the transition of U.S. Army South to a combined joint task force headquarters named Multinational Force South.
NFTCTC - Put the Camera Down: Preparing the Public Affairs Officer for a JRTC Rotation
This article is intended for all units conducting home station training to prepare themselves for a combat training center (CTC) rotation. The author discusses a recurring trend at the Joint Readiness Training Center (JRTC) and the challenges that the Public Affairs Officer (PAO) face. Fig 1. Shows the results of misplaced PAO home station training. A Soldier during a recent JRTC rotation covers the camera lens of a credentialed, American Media on the Battlefield (MoB) Role-player. Public affairs officers and sections at the Brigade Combat Team (BCT) level are struggling with media interaction training due to its removal from AR 350-1 training requirements, reduced section size, and command emphasis on command information content acquisition instead of communication planning and training.
NFTCTC - The Pareto Principle in Combat Operations
The Pareto principle simply stated is that 80% of the desired results are derived from 20% of the input (also known as the 80/20 rule in which roughly 80% of the effects come from 20% of the causes). This principle has been proven in business and finance, in addition to military implications. This article focuses on key components that produce the greatest impact across the brigade combat team (BCT). The Army's focus on decisive action is suffering from a decade of counterinsurgency operations, necessitating a much more rapid evolution in preparing for a near-peer threat across multiple domains. Inability to adapt the military's current training to fit the current threat increases the probability of a deadly learning curve in the next war or conflict. According to the Pareto principle, marked improvement is achieved through increasing focus on the best 20% of processes related to combat training; specifically, reconnaissance, command and control nodes, the common operational picture, and sustainment. Each of these focal points tie in and support each other in a highly complex battlefield.
19-19 - Multi-Domain Operations Catalog
The Multi-Domain Operations Catalog provides links to useful products with insights and perspectives related to the emerging concept of multi-domain operations (MDO). This catalog is not all encompassing, but rather serves as a primer and vehicle to promote analytical discourse. This catalog is a "living" document and is intended to be updated periodically. MDO documents in this catalog span the period from 2014 to 2019, highlighting the evolution of the MDO concept and the beginning of its operational application by the Army.
GTA 30-04-001- Information Collection Rehearsal (IC RX)
This GTA provides information on when to conduct the information collection rehearsal and how to validate the information collection (IC) plan, the allocation of IC assets by phase, and the intelligence architecture by phase.
GTA 11-02-001 Retrans Mission Checklist
This GTA provides the reader with a checklist in order to accomplish a retransmission mission.
19-13 - Mission Command Training in Unified Land Operations FY18 Key Observations Bulletin
Mission Command Training Program (MCTP) trains Army functional/multi-functional/maneuver brigades, divisions, expeditionary sustainment commands (ESCs), corps, special operations units, and U.S. Air Force personnel in mission command and unified land operations. In accordance with the U.S. Army’s combat training center programs and the Chief of Staff of the Army’s training guidance, MCTP conducted five multi-echelon warfighter exercises (WFXs) and six brigade-level WFXs during fiscal year 2018 (FY18). Together, these exercises met the training objectives of more than 60 units. Additionally, MCTP worked closely with the Joint Staff J-7 and other training partners to infuse joint context within a WFX to properly stimulate a corps training audience in preparation for its future role as a joint task force (JTF).
19-10 - Set The Theater Catalog
This catalog provides references for commanders and staff to enhance their understanding of the concept and details of setting a theater. The resources listed include current doctrine, handbooks, articles and other publications focused on setting the theater.