Operation DESERT STORM

On February 24, 1991, the US led coalition attack into Iraq commenced. VII Corps, commanded by LTG Fred Franks, took the lead role in the war's ground offensive. Experiencing better than expected results, VII Corp's planned attack was moved up by several hours. One of the most important parts of the operation, however, hinged on breaching the Iraqi border defenses so that VII Corps could move through the breach then isolate and destroy the Republican Guard forces. The use of combined arms made this breaching operation extremely successful. Responsibility for conducting the breach fell to the 1st Infantry Division. The 1st ID Artillery conducted a half-hour preparation that stunned the Iraqi defenders. Realizing their dire position, many Iraqis surrendered. Meanwhile, on the western end of the VII Corps sector, the 2nd ACR, 1st, and 3d Armored Divisions bypassed the Iraqi border defenses and pushed northward, in effect screening the breach operation occurring to the east. To prevent his heavily armored force from becoming scattered, LTG Franks called a halt to operations that night. The attack continued the following morning. 1st ID not only opened gaps in the defenses, but cleared them of mines, established breach lanes, then destroyed the Iraqi division defending the area. The British 1st Armored Division subsequently moved through the breach and turned east, now protecting the flank for the remainder of VII Corps, who enveloped several Republican Guard divisions. The use of combined arms ensured a successful breach, presenting the enemy with multiple dilemmas and enabling VII Corps to complete its objective of isolating and destroying large numbers of Republican Guard units.

Display Week: 
Monday, February 24, 2020 to Sunday, March 1, 2020