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Bureau of Customs and Border Protection

Definition/Scope: The United States Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP), known as U.S. Customs and Border Protection, is an agency of the United States Department of Homeland Security charged with regulating and facilitating international trade, collecting import duties, and enforcing U.S. trade laws. Its other primary mission is preventing terrorists and terrorist weapons from entering the United States. CBP is also responsible for apprehending individuals attempting to enter the United States illegally, stemming the flow of illegal drugs and other contraband, protecting the United States agricultural and economic interests from harmful pests and diseases, and protecting American businesses from theft of their intellectual property. CBP assess all passengers flying into the U.S. for terrorist risk via systems such as the Advance Passenger Information System (APIS), United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indication Technology US-VISIT, and the Student and Exchange Visitor System SEVIS. CBP also works with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to screen high-risk imported food shipments in order to prevent bio-terrorism/agro-terrorism. Through the Container Security Initiative, CBP works jointly with host nation counterparts to identify and screen containers that pose a risk at the foreign port of departure before they are loaded on board vessels bound for the U.S. CSI is implemented in 20 of the largest ports in terms of container shipments to the U.S., and at a total of 58 ports worldwide.



Broader Terms:

Border and Transportation Security
Department of Homeland Security
Department of Homeland Security directorates
Fourth Amendment
Office of CBP Air and Marine
Office of Field Operations
Office of Intelligence and Operations Coordination

Narrower Terms:

Border Security and Facilitation
Container Security Initiative
Electronic Advance Passenger Information System
Joint Terrorism Task Force
MQ-9 Reaper
Office of Border Patrol
Office of International Trade
RQ-5 Hunter
Tijuana cartel
US Border Patrol

Related Terms:

border security
Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement
Carrier Initiative Program
Container Security Initiative
customs administration
Customs-Trade Partnership Against Terrorism
P-3C Orion Anti-Surface Warfare Improvement Program
Port Of Entry
Tijuana cartel
US-VISIT Program

CALL Homepage >> Thesaurus Last Updated: Sept 17, 2008