Definition/Scope: (ADP 3-0) Planning is the art and science of understanding a situation, envisioning a desired future, and laying out effective ways of bringing about that future. Planning consists of two separate but closely related components: a conceptual component and a detailed component. Successful planning requires integrating both these components. Army leaders employ three methodologies for planning after determining the appropriate mix based on the scope of the problem, their familiarity with it, and the time available. (FM 3-0) Planning is the process by which commanders (and staff if avaiable) translate the commander?s visualization into a specific course of action for preparation and execution, focusing on the expected results. Planning begins with analysis and assessment of the conditions in the operational environment, with particular emphasis on the enemy, to determine the relationships among the mission variables. It involves understanding and framing the problem and envisioning the set of conditions that represent the desired end state. Design and the MDMP assist commanders and staffs with the conceptual aspects of planning. Based on the commander’s guidance, planning includes formulating one or more supportable courses of action to accomplish the mission. Good plans foster initiative, account for uncertainty and friction, and mitigate risks. NOTE: FM 3-0 has been superceded by ADP 3-0.
Broader Terms:military planning
Narrower Terms:Military DecisionMaking Process
Related Terms:Army Campaign Plan