hand grenade ABC-M7A2/A3
Definition/Scope: (FM 3-23.30) The ABC-M7A2 and ABC-M7A3 riot-control hand grenades contain only CS as filler. The grenades differ only in the amount and form of the CS they contain. The components are: the body is sheet metal with four emission holes at the top and one at the bottom. The ABC-M7A2 grenade has 5.5 ounces of burning mixture and 3.5 ounces of CS in gelatin capsules. The ABC-M7A3 has 7.5 ounces of burning mixture and 4.5 ounces of CS pellets. The fuse is an M201A1 MOD2 and weighs 15.5 ounces. The average soldier can throw either of these grenades 40 meters. Both grenades produce a cloud of irritant agent for 15 to 35 seconds. Both grenades have gray bodies with red bands and markings. Riot-control grenades throw sparks up to 1 meter from emission, which can ignite vegetation and other flammable materials. The current (as of 200909) U.S. policy governing the use of CS and other riot-control munitions is found in Executive Order 11850, 8 April 1975. CS irritant gas (tear gas) may be employed in a combat zone with the approval of a higher authority. U.S. forces will employ CS in wartime defensively only to save lives as approved by the President. The Secretary of Defense may authorize the use of CS to protect and recover nuclear weapons. CS may be used on military installations (domestic and overseas), embassy grounds, and so forth, in war and in peace. The U.S. and many other countries do not consider CS or other control agents to be chemical warfare weapons; however, some other countries do not draw a distinction. (See FM 3-11 for more information.) Riot-grenade hand grenades include the ABC-M7A2, ABC-M7A3, and the M47 CS.
Broader Terms:hand grenade