Definition/Scope: (FM 55-1) Water terminals are established at ports, beach sites, or degraded/unimproved facilities. Water terminals consist of fixed ports, unimproved ports, or bare beaches. Inland terminals consist of air, inland water, rail, highway, or petroleum terminals. Logistic planners at all levels must provide for the adequate manning of terminals. They must also provide for suitable facilities to ease the handling of the scheduled mode(s) and types of cargo and personnel. The availability and capabilities of water terminals is essential to the success of a military operation. Water terminals used as departing ports are called SPOE. Water terminals used as arriving ports are called SPOD. Commanders consider distances, the OPSEC plan, and the terminal capabilities when selecting a departure water terminal. The selection of arrival water terminals is equally important to the success of a military operation. Destination water terminals are crucial to establishing a lodgment and to sustaining the deployed force. Water terminal operations are conducted at fixed, unimproved, or bare beach port facilities. One of the main objectives is to maximize the throughput of cargo. Maximizing throughput may require the military force to use a combination of terminals over time, while improving existing facilities. (JP 4-01.5) A facility for berthing ships simultaneously at piers, quays, and/or working anchorages, normally located within sheltered coastal waters adjacent to rail, highway, air, and/or inland water transportation networks.
Broader Terms:Military Traffic Management Command
Related Terms:air terminal