Definition/Scope: The Badr Organization previously known as the Badr Brigades or Badr Corps (not to be confused with the Badr Brigade in the Jordanian Army) is an Iraqi political party headed by Hadi al-Amiri. Previously it was the armed wing of the Supreme Council for Islamic Revolution in Iraq but since the 2003 invasion of Iraq most of its fighters have entered the new Iraqi army and police force and it officially became a completely political organization. Originally the Badr Brigade, it grew to a division and then a corps. The Badr Brigade was formed by Mohammed Baqir al-Hakim to fight Saddam Hussein’s Baathist regime in Iraq. Its members were drawn from Iraqi Shia political and religious dissidents. The Badr were trained and equipped by Iran's Revolutionary Guard, politically aligned with Iran's hardliners, during the Iran-Iraq war. During that war, Badr guerrillas conducted forays from Iran into southern Iraq to attack Baath Party officials, although the Badr forays did not spark broad popular unrest against Saddam Hussein's regime. Badr fighters in and outside the ISF have purportedly been involved in sectarian killings, although to a lesser extent than the “Mahdi Army” (Jaysh al-Mahdi, or JAM) of Moqtada Al Sadr.
Narrower Terms:Jaysh al-Mahdi