Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
Definition/Scope: The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) is a political party in Nepal, founded in 1994 and currently led by Pushpa Kamal Dahal, more popular with the nom de guerre Prachanda. Following massive popular demonstrations, supported by most major political parties of Nepal, and a prolonged "People’s War" against the monarchy, the CPN(M) became the largest party in the Nepalese Constituent Assembly election, 2008. At present, this party is the major ruling party in Nepal, leading a coalition government, comprising of the next largest communist fraction, CPN UML. Following a merger with Communist Party of Nepal (Unity Centre-Masal), its full current name is the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). The Maoists announced a ‘People’s War' on February 13, 1996, with the slogan "let us march ahead on the path of struggle towards establishing the people’s rule by wreaking the reactionary ruling system of state." It appears that they strongly believe in the philosophy of Mao Zedong that "Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun." They also draw inspiration from the ‘Revolutionary Internationalist Movement' and Peru’s left wing guerrilla movement, the Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path). The radical communist parties from different parts of the world have provided ideological sustenance for the Nepali Maoists. The ensuing ten-year civil war between insurgents and government forces witnessed the dissolution of the cabinet and parliament and assumption of absolute power by the king. Several weeks of mass protests in April 2006 were followed by several months of peace negotiations between the Maoists and government officials, and culminated in a November 2006 peace accord and the promulgation of an interim constitution. Following a nation-wide election in April 2008, the newly formed Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a federal democratic republic and abolished the monarchy at its first meeting the following month. The Constituent Assembly elected the country’s first president in July. The Maoists, who received a plurality of votes in the Constituent Assembly election, formed a coalition government in August 2008.
Used For:Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)
Broader Terms:Communist Parties (by name)
Narrower Terms:Peoples Liberation Army (Nepal)
Related Terms:Communist Party of India (Maoist)