Operation Iron Hammer
Definition/Scope: There were two Operation Iron Hammer military operations. The first Operation Iron Hammer was launched on 12 November 2003 that was developed to bring about a greater partnership with coalition forces and the Iraqi people in northern Iraq. The major unit involved was the Germany based 1st Armored Division. It was designed to prevent the staging of weapons and insurgents against coalition forces. The second was staged by MND-N (Task Force Iron) in Nov 2007. It purposes was to pursue and dismantle AQI and other insurgent groups. It was also conducted by the 1st Armored Division. The planners initially focused the operations on the area known as the Za'ab Triangle. The Za'ab triangle consists of the areas north of Baiji along the Tigris to Sharqat and east to Hawija, in Kirkuk province. By November 19, 2007, the two-week operation had ended. In all, 79 arms and ammunitions caches had been discovered. 29,000 liters of nitric acid, a chemical used to manufacture explosives, were discovered at a car-bomb factory. Additionally, Coalition and Iraqi soldiers discovered over 500 mortar and artillery rounds, nearly 500 rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs), 50 RPG launchers, more than 100 heavy and light machine guns, and hundreds of anti-tank and anti-personnel mines. The largest EFP cache ever found in Iraq was also discovered during Operation Iron Hammer near Khan Bani Sa'ad in Diyala province. The follow-on operation to Iron Hammer is Iron Reaper, which has continued the pursuit of al-Qaeda in specific areas of northern Iraq.
Broader Terms:military operations (by designation)
Related Terms:1st Armored Division