Definition/Scope: (JP 3-08) (DOD) A private, self-governing, not-for-profit organization dedicated to alleviating human suffering; and/or promoting education, health care, economic development, environmental protection, human rights, and conflict resolution; and/or encouraging the establishment of democratic institutions and civil society. Non-governmental organization (NGO) is a term that has become widely accepted for referring to a legally constituted, non-business organization created by natural or legal persons with no participation or representation of any government. In the cases in which NGOs are funded totally or partially by governments, the NGO maintains its non-governmental status insofar as it excludes government representatives from membership in the organization. The primary purpose of an operational NGO is the design and implementation of development-related projects. This term is also being used as civil society organization, CSO. They often impact the social, economic and political activities of communities and the country as a whole. NGOs could address a host of issues such as; women's rights, environmental protection, human rights, economic development, political rights, or health care. Sometimes written as nongovernmental organization.
Broader Terms:civilian organization
Narrower Terms:Amnesty International
Related Terms:civil-military operations center