International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue
Definition/Scope: The International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue (IAMSAR) Manual revises and replaces the IMO Merchant Ship Search and Rescue Manual (MERSAR), first published in 1971, and the International Maritime Organization (IMO) Search and Rescue Manual (IMOSAR), first published in 1978. The MERSAR Manual was the first step towards developing the 1979 Search and Rescue (SAR) Convention and it provided guidance for those who, during emergencies at sea, may require assistance from others or who may be able to provide assistance themselves. In particular, it was designed to aid the master of any vessel who might be called upon to conduct SAR operations at sea for persons in distress. The manual was updated several times with the latest amendments being adopted in 1992 - they entered into force in 1993. The second manual, the IMOSAR Manual, was adopted in l978. It was designed to help Governments to implement the SAR Convention and provided guidelines rather than requirements for a common maritime search and rescue policy, encouraging all coastal States to develop their organizations on similar lines and enabling adjacent States to co-operate and provide mutual assistance. It was also updated in 1992, with the amendments entering into force in 1993. This manual was aligned as closely as possible with ICAO Search and Rescue Manual to ensure a common policy and to facilitate consultation of the two manuals for administrative or operational reasons. MERSAR was also aligned, where appropriate, with IMOSAR.
Broader Terms:National Search and Rescue Committee
Narrower Terms:personnel recovery
Related Terms:Chemical Hazard Response Information System