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National Defense Act of 1916

Definition/Scope: The National Defense Act of 1916 provided for an expanded army during peace and wartime, fourfold expansion of the National Guard, the creation of an Officers’ and an Enlisted Reserve Corps, plus the creation of a Reserve Officers’ Training Corps in colleges and universities. The President was also given authority, in case of war or national emergency, to mobilize the National Guard for the duration of the emergency. The act was passed amidst the "preparedness controversy", a brief frenzy of great public concern over the state of preparation of the United States armed forces, and shortly after Pancho Villa’s cross-border raid on Columbus, New Mexico.

Broader Terms:

active army
national defense
US armed forces

Narrower Terms:

National Guard
Reserve Officer Training Corps

Related Terms:

War Department

CALL Homepage >> Thesaurus Last Updated: Sept 17, 2008