Movement and Maneuver Warfighting Function
Definition/Scope: (ADP 3-0) The movement and maneuver warfighting function is the related tasks and systems that move and employ forces to achieve a position of relative advantage over the enemy and other threats. Direct fire and close combat are inherent in maneuver. This function includes tasks associated with force projection related to gaining a positional advantage over the enemy.(FM 3-0) The related tasks and systems that move forces to achieve a position of advantage in relation to the enemy. Direct fire is inherent in maneuver, as is close combat. The function includes tasks associated with force projection related to gaining a positional advantage over an enemy. Maneuver is the employment of forces in the operational area through movement in combination with fires to achieve a position of advantage in respect to the enemy in order to accomplish the mission (JP 3-0). Maneuver is the means by which commanders mass the effects of combat power to achieve surprise, shock, and momentum. Effective maneuver requires close coordination with fires. Movement is necessary to disperse and displace the force as a whole or in part when maneuvering. Both tactical and operational maneuver require logistic support. The movement and maneuver warfighting function includes the following tasks: deploy; move; maneuver; employ direct fires; occupy an area; conduct mobility and countermobility operations; employ battlefield obscuration. The movement and maneuver warfighting function does not include administrative movements of personnel and materiel. These movements fall under the sustainment warfighting function. FM 3-90 discusses maneuver and tactical movement. FMI 3-35 and FMs 100-17-1 and 100-17-2 discuss force projection. NOTE: FM 3-0 has been superceded by ADP 3-0.
Use:Movement and Maneuver WFF
Broader Terms:Warfighting Function
Related Terms:Fires Warfighting Function