Definition/Scope: An acute infectious disease of the nervous system caused by toxins of the clostridium tetani bacillus. Tetanus may follow the introduction of bacterial spores by any type of injury, including puncture wounds, animal bites, gunshot sounds, lacerations and fractures. the toxin acts on the motor nerves and causes muscle spasms, most frequently in the jaw and facial muscles. The disease is treated with an antitoxin or human immune globulin, but it is preferable to prevent tetanus by immunization.
Broader Terms:bacterial diseases