Definition/Scope: (JP 3-05) US Navy forces organized, trained, and equipped to conduct special operations in maritime, littoral, and riverine environments. SEALs are trained in all environments and are required to utilize a combination of specialized training, equipment, and tactics in completion of Special Operation missions worldwide. A tactical force with strategic impact, naval special warfare (NSW) mission areas include unconventional warfare, direct action, combating terrorism, special reconnaissance, foreign internal defense, information warfare, security assistance, counter-drug operations, personnel recovery and hydrographic reconnaissance. SEALs' proven ability to operate across the spectrum of conflict and in operations other than war in a controlled manner, and their ability to provide real time intelligence and eyes on target, offers decision makers immediate and virtually unlimited options in the face of rapidly changing crises around the world. The most important trait that distinguishes Navy SEALs from all other military forces is that SEALs are Maritime Special Forces, as they strike from and return to the sea. SEALs (Sea, Air, Land) take their name from the elements in and from which they operate. Naval Special Warfare Command was commissioned April 16, 1987, at Naval Amphibious Base Coronado in San Diego, CA. As the Naval component to the United States Special Operations Command headquartered in Tampa, Fla., Commander, Naval Special Warfare Command provides vision, leadership, doctrinal guidance, resources and oversight to ensure component maritime special operations forces are ready to meet the operational requirements of combatant commanders. The major operational components of Naval Special Warfare Command include Naval Special Warfare Groups ONE and THREE in San Diego, CA, and Naval Special Warfare Groups TWO and FOUR in Norfolk, VA. These components deploy SEAL Teams, SEAL Delivery Vehicle Teams, and Special Boat Teams worldwide to meet the training, exercise, contingency and wartime requirements of theater commanders. NSW also calls upon a 1,200-person reserve of approximately 325 SEALs, 125 SWCC and 775 support personnel. SEAL training consists of assessment and selection and followed by the SEAL qualification training. The assessment and selection is made up of: 4–12 weeks Naval Special Warfare Preparatory School (enlisted men), 3 weeks Indoctrination Course at Naval Amphibious Base Coronado and then 24 weeks Basic Underwater Demolition/SEAL (BUD/S) training at the Naval Special Warfare Center, Naval Amphibious Base Coronado. The qualification round is: parachute training (static-line and military free-fall) at the U.S. Navy Tactical Air Operations School in San Diego, CA ; Cold Weather Survival Training at Naval Special Warfare Cold Weather Detachment Kodiak, Alaska; SERE; Tactical Communications; Tactical Medicine and Combat Casualty Care; classroom instruction in US Special Operations; Maritime Operations; Tactical Combat Swimmer; Armed and Unarmed Combatives; Close Combat Weapons; Close Quarters Combat; Long Range and Indirect Weapons; and Small Unit Tactics (SUT) or Land Warfare. The emphasis in SQT is building and developing individual operator skills with the concentration being on junior officer and non-commissioned officers. Students are assigned to a 5-man fire team with an officer or enlisted (NCO) leader.
Used For:Navy SEALs
Broader Terms:Naval Special Warfare Command
Related Terms:force recon