International Security Assistance Force
Definition/Scope: The mission of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) is to assist the Afghan government in establishing and maintaining a safe and secure environment in Afghanistan, with the full involvement of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF). ISAF was first established by UN Security Council Resolution 1386 on 20 December 2001 as envisaged in Annex I of the Bonn Agreement and upon the invitation of the Afghan Interim Administration (AIA). It is a UN-authorized multinational force, not a UN peacekeeping force, and the costs of maintaining ISAF are borne by its contributing nations rather than by the UN. In August 2003, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) took over leadership of ISAF, the mission of which was then limited to Kabul. In October 2003, the UN Security Council authorized the expansion of the NATO mission beyond Kabul. Until February 2007, leadership rotated among participating nations; the first ISAF missions were led by the UK, Turkey, Germany and the Netherlands. Each subsequent rotation is referred to by a new roman numeral. With the implementation of ISAF X in February 2007, ISAF was made a “composite headquarters” rather than being tasked to a single country. This means that individual nations volunteer to fill their allotted positions in the way they see fit. As of December 2008, US General David D. McKiernan was the commander of ISAF. ISAF consists of: Kabul-based headquarters; the Air Task Force responsible for air operations; Regional Commands for each of the five regions (Capital, North, West, South, East); Forward Support Bases; and PRTs. The North Atlantic Council, NATO's decision-making body, provides political guidance to ISAF in consultation with non-NATO nations contributing troops to the force. Operational-level management of ISAF is provided by Allied Joint Force Command Headquarters Brunssum, which falls under NATO's main Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers in Europe (SHAPE).
Broader Terms:North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Narrower Terms:Kabul International Airport
Related Terms:24th Marine Expeditionary Unit