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Euzkadi Ta Askatasuna

Definition/Scope: (Dpt of State) Euzkadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA) was founded in 1959 by Basque Marxist rebels incensed by the efforts of Spanish dictator Francisco Franco to suppress the Basque language and culture. ETA aims to establish a Basque homeland based on Marxist principles in the ethnically Basque areas in northern Spain and southwestern France. ETA's favored tactics has been to conduct bombings, shootings, kidnappings, and assassinations. They operate mainly in the Basque regions of Spain and France which include Alava, Guipuzcoa, Navarra and Vizcaya. The group has also carried out attacks throughout Spain. It is believed that they have received training in Lebanon, Libya, Yemen, and Nicaragua, as well as sanctuary in Cuba. The ETA finances itself through kidnappings, robberies, and extortion. The group has been known to rob banks, traffic in drugs, and extort money from businesses in the Basque regions. They are also known as Basque Fatherland and Liberty.


Basque Fatherland and Liberty

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Basque Fatherland and Liberty

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