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Handbook 10-60
August 2010

Sustainment

Articles:

Joint Task Force-Port Opening

Joint Theater Level Simulation

Joint Knowledge Development and Distribution Capability

Logistics Assistance Program



Graphic showing Joint Task Force-Port Opening logo

Joint Task Force-Port Opening

Mission

The key role of the Joint Task Force-Port Opening (JTF-PO) is to rapidly open and establish ports of debarkation and initial distribution networks for joint distribution operations supporting humanitarian, disaster relief, and contingency operations.


Capabilities

The JTF-PO is a command and control expeditionary capability designed to rapidly establish an initial theater port of debarkation to aid in deployment and distribution operations supporting military contingencies, humanitarian aid, and disaster relief operations. The JTF-PO is designed to arrive first at an airfield and establish placement location and tracking of equipment in the theater from the very beginning-minimizing those items "lost" in the system.

JTF-PO aerial port of debarkation (APOD):

  • Has a 12-hour response time.
  • Consists of elements from the following:
    • Air Mobility Command contingency response group (CRG).
    • 55-person surface element from the U.S. Army.

JTF-PO seaport of debarkation (SPOD):

  • Has a 12-hour response time.
  • Capabilities provided include:
    • Joint-trained and lead element with habitual relationships.
    • Capability to quickly assess and open a distribution node and network.
    • Organic or contract transportation.
    • Joint assessment team to conduct focused port and distribution assessments.
    • Dedicated element to conduct movement-control operations and cargo-onward movements.
    • Organic in-transit visibility, which provides visibility of forces and cargo at both port and debarkation and forward distribution node.


Photo showing CRG-established aerial port capability at Chaklala Air Base, Pakistan, during earthquake response efforts.

CRG-established aerial port capability at Chaklala Air Base, Pakistan, during earthquake response efforts.



Organization

The JTF-PO consists of an air element for airfield operations and a surface element for cargo movement control and cargo handling operations. Key air elements of the JTF-PO APODs come from the existing Air Force CRGs. That service currently has six CRGs-three at McGuire Air Force Base (AFB), NJ; and three at Travis AFB, CA. The JTF-PO deploys initially under the authority of the commander, U.S. Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM), and in direct support of the supported combatant commander. USTRANSCOM may transfer operational control to the supported combatant commander once sufficient forces are in place and the port of debarkation and forward distribution node are declared operational.


Contact Information

Phone:

  • COMM: (618) 229-1840
  • DSN: 779-1840

Website: "http://www.transcom.mil"




Graphic showing United States Joint Forces Command logo

Joint Theater Level Simulation

Mission

The Joint Theater Level Simulation (JTLS) provides an environment for the dynamic interactions of intelligence, air, logistics, naval, and ground forces. This environment allows users to develop insight into the relative merits of alternative courses of action, force structures, combat and logistics systems, and procedures that could be used during joint and combined operations at the operational level. It is mainly used to train joint task force commanders and staffs, and represents large theaters or large area of operations. JTLS represents ground units at an aggregate level rather than an entity level. Maritime and air units are typically represented at the ship, aircraft, or sortie level.


Capabilities

The JTLS is a computer-based analytical model. With such a system, warfighting processes are simulated and the users make decisions about the allocation of resources assigned to accomplish a mission. Although the primary focus of JTLS is the operational level of war, the JTLS employs significant tactical-level capabilities. The JTLS's capability to model a wide spectrum of conflict makes it the only inherently joint model in use for theater operations' multi-sided, coalition warfare. The JTLS models multi-sided air, ground, and naval combat with logistical, special operation force, and intelligence support. Additionally, the JTLS can represent up to 10 sides of a conflict, each with individual side relationships and rules of engagement. Each individual side can have unlimited factions assigned. The simulation supports links to most fielded real-world command and control, communications, computers, and intelligence systems and other models through customized interfaces. This flexibility provides maximum utility and usability, to include high-level architecture (HLA) applications.

The JTLS consists of six major programs and numerous minor support programs that efficiently interoperate to prepare the scenario, run the game, produce reports, and analyze the results. Designed as a tool for use in the development and analysis of operational and crisis management plans, the JTLS is theater-independent, doctrine neutral, and does not require programming knowledge to be used effectively. The simulation can operate on a single computer as small as a laptop or on multiple computers, either at a single or at multiple distributed locations. The JTLS is fully Web-enabled. Model features include an extensive algorithmic array to calculate attrition, damage, resource allocation (civilian and military, air, ground, and naval resources), logistics functions, intelligence, and special operations. The JTLS supports scenario database preparation and verification, entering orders, and obtaining situational information from graphical displays, messages, and status boards.

The model includes limited nuclear and chemical effects, low-intensity conflict, psychological, and preconflict operations. The JTLS is ideally suited for organizational studies, research, and training in the areas of homeland defense, contingency planning, operational and business plan testing, interoperability, and coalition management. It is high-level architecture compliant and is used in several federations.



Photo showing diagram of JTLS incorporating the latest Web technologies, providing the interface for all JTLS processes and components.


The JTLS incorporates the latest Web technologies, providing the interface for all JTLS processes and components. Available components include a map tool, an information tool, an order-entry tool with order panels, a message viewer, command and logistics hierarchies, situation reports, robust filter panel, and an online player's manual. The JTLS also supports a dynamic link with Google Earth to provide an easily distributed common operational picture.

Organization

U.S. Joint Forces Command's Joint Warfighting Center manages the JTLS program.


Contact Information

Phone: COMM: (757) 203-7649 or (757) 203-6861

Website: "http://www.jfcom.mil"




Graphic showing Joint Knowledge Development and Distribution Capability logo

Joint Knowledge Development and Distribution Capability

Mission

The Joint Knowledge Development and Distribution Capability (JKDDC) is the Department of Defense's program responsible for ensuring joint training of individuals evolves to remain relevant and effective in meeting the dynamic challenges of national security today and in the future. Using advanced distributed learning technologies, JKDDC delivers an agile, Web-based training capability-Joint Knowledge Online (JKO)-for individuals preparing for joint exercises and deployment. JKO uses the latest advanced distributed learning technology to deliver joint courses, curriculums, and learning tools supporting joint training for a spectrum of individuals involved in integrated joint operations around the globe.


Capabilities

The JKDDC is a service organization that provides content development and online hosting in response to validated, prioritized, training requirements. The JKDDC develops joint training products and services in response to JKDDC stakeholder requirements and delivers global access to its JKO portal system via military classified and unclassified networks and the Internet. The JKDDC works collaboratively with combatant commands; services; combat support agencies; and multinational, intergovernmental, and interagency partners to provide operationally relevant training necessary to conduct whole of government/whole of nation joint operations, security cooperation, disaster response, and humanitarian relief operations.

Objectives include:

  • Delivering a quick-reaction capability to support individual training and building the capability to rapidly incorporate changes to doctrine and tactics, techniques, and procedures derived from lessons learned.
  • Preparing individuals for duty before they deploy, exercise, or attend collective training and during deployment.
  • Incorporating all aspects of advanced distributed learning technologies and standards.
  • Researching and developing advanced concepts such as online gaming (individual and multi-player), virtual worlds, remote, real-time knowledge in the operational environment, and other cutting-edge learning technologies.
  • Increasing cultural knowledge and regional awareness capabilities and supporting, integrating, and incorporating requirements into joint task training for the joint military, interagency, intergovernmental, and multinational communities.

The JKO provides access to more than 350 Web-based courses and learning tools to personnel preparing in advance for joint training exercises and integrated operations. The JKO-customized communities provide a Web-based forum for practitioners of a shared discipline to share knowledge and experience pertinent to their tasks. Individuals keep each other current in the developments of the shared discipline and share lessons learned and best practices. The joint task force (JTF) communities provide tailored individual JTF headquarters online training, access to peers, expert help, best practices, and lessons learned for personnel who will be, are, or have been associated with combined, coalition, or JTF headquarters staffs. The JTF headquarters training curricula are tailored to specific areas of operations, including Horn of Africa, Afghanistan, and Iraq predeployment training.


Organization

The JKDDC Joint Management Office is located at U.S. Joint Forces Command's Joint Warfighting Center, Suffolk, VA.


Contact Information

Phone:

  • COMM: (757) 203-5654
  • DSN: 668-5654

Website: "https://jko.jfcom.mil"




Graphic showing Logistics Assistance Program logo

Logistics Assistance Program

Mission

The U.S Army Logistics Assistance Program (LAP) is oriented to the early detection and resolution of logistics-related problems that affect unit and materiel readiness. The LAP makes logistical assessments in coordination with the supported commands to determine current status and historical trends, and provide corrective and preventative measures for improving unit and command readiness. This includes the identification and correction of systemic problems. The LAP also provides support to units, Soldiers in garrison, and Soldiers at home station before, during, and after deployments to exercises, natural disasters, contingencies, and war. Logistics assistance is provided through the LAP, giving commanders a single point of contact at Army Materiel Command (AMC).


Capabilities

The LAP forms a complete support package for Soldiers and other deployed personnel. The support package consists of Army Life Cycle Management Command (LCMC) logistics assistance representatives (LARs), supply LARs, and logistics management specialists.

When Soldiers have problems with their helicopters, vehicles, or communications systems, the logistics support element (LSE) provides support through LARs, who work directly with Soldiers on logistics issues. The LSE provides support in the areas of supply and maintenance as well as upgrades to the unit's fielded systems.

The LSE is comprised of LARs from multiple LCMCs based on the unit's needs and equipment density. For example, AMC LARs would provide support for the helicopter, Army Tank-Automotive and Armaments Command (TACOM) LARs would provide support for the vehicle, and Communications and Electronics Command (CECOM) LARs would provide support for communication systems.

Logistics assistance representatives:

  • Act as subject-matter experts from each LCMC (AMC, TACOM, CECOM, Joint Munitions Command, and Army Sustainment Command [ASC]) to provide assistance to commanders in analyzing readiness, identifying problems, determining the responsibility for resolution, and when appropriate, assisting with resolution, when appropriate.
  • Provide commanders with technical guidance necessary to resolve weapons systems, equipment, and systemic logistics problems. LARs help coordinate national-level sustainment support for nonstandard equipment and contractor support, when required.
  • Identify and report through channels all logistics functions having an adverse impact on logistics readiness, to include supply, maintenance, transportation, personnel, training, organization, systems, and doctrine.


Photo showing LAP providing combatant commanders and warfighters with logistics, technical, and administrative support

The LAP provides combatant commanders and warfighters with logistics, technical, and administrative support.



Organization

The LAP, a proponent of Department of the Army and AMC, is delegated as the lead agency and has command responsibility along with the ASC as lead for program execution and management. The ASC LAP (providing program execution and management) in working with the LCMCs, manages the worldwide Army field support brigade/LSE/brigade logistics support team network, with LARs located at major installations, posts, camps, or stations, to include commands at theater, corps, division, and brigade levels.


Contact Information

Phone:

  • COMM 309-782-5989
  • DSN: 793-5989

Website: "http://www.aschq.army.mil/home/LAP.aspx"

E-mail: rock-amsas-ld@conus.army.mil



 

Last Reviewed: May 18, 2012

 
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