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Handbook 10-60
August 2010

Fires

Articles:

Joint Fires Integration and Interoperability Team

Joint Information Operations Warfare Center

Joint Public Affairs Support Element

Joint Warfare Analysis Center

Special Operations Command Joint Forces Command

1st Information Operations Command (Land)

Information Operations Joint Management Office



Graphic showing United States Joint Forces Command logo

Graphic showing diagram of Joint Fires Integration and Interoperability Team Logo

Joint Fires Integration and Interoperability Team

Mission

The Joint Fires Integration and Interoperability Team (JFIIT) is a subordinate, functional command of U.S. Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM) chartered to improve the integration, interoperability, and operational effectiveness of joint fires, focused at the tactical level.


Capabilities

The JFIIT works to improve joint fires and develop solutions for engaging the correct target to reduce fratricide and collateral damage. The JFIIT helps develop improvements to training; equipment; systems; doctrine; and tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP). The JFIIT provides assistance to joint force commanders and service headquarters in planning, coordinating, and executing tactical joint fires.

The JFIIT's expertise includes fire support and targeting, ground maneuver, intelligence, weapon systems, data links, and airspace management. Focus areas include joint intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance support; joint air-to-ground fires integration; command and control; and combat identification. The team's observer/trainers conduct training assessments for joint task force commanders around the world and provide feedback to service leadership and the training audience. The JFIIT's subject-matter experts provide training in specialized technical skill areas.



Photo showing JFIIT observer/trainers provide assistance to joint force commanders and service headquarters in planning, coordinating, and executing tactical joint fires

JFIIT observer/trainers provide assistance to joint force commanders and service headquarters in planning, coordinating, and executing tactical joint fires.

The JFIIT supports the joint national training capability through program accreditation and certification, joint task assessment, and training feedback. The JFIIT supports experimentation through prototype performance and operational assessment. The team practices a "teach-coach-mentor-handoff" approach to meeting identified joint fires training shortfalls during academic leadership training and during the exercise.


JFIIT Joint Mission-Essential Tasks

Essential tasks of the JFIIT include:

  • Conducting assessments of joint fires capabilities:
    • Assessing current and emergent capabilities-TTP, systems, and supporting architectures.
    • Providing results on capabilities under study to substantiate needed improvements.
  • Conducting assessments of joint fires training:
    • Assessing joint context, training capability, and joint task execution.
    • Addressing how effectively a training program replicates the joint environment, verifying that the training capability promotes proficient joint task execution, and assessing the training audience's joint task execution.
  • Supporting training on selected joint fires issues:
    • Focusing on identified shortfalls in both collective and individual joint fires training and education.
    • Supporting the development of joint fires training material/instruction that enables joint task execution.
  • Submitting and following solutions through established procedures:
    • Focusing on using service, USJFCOM, and joint staff capability improvement processes.
    • Championing proposed recommendations and solutions through appropriate service, USJFCOM, agency, and joint staff offices while pursuing customer and stakeholder endorsement and implementation at the lowest level possible.

Organization

The JFITT is a 120-member team from all four services and Department of Defense (DOD) civilians with contractor support. Located at Eglin Air Force Base, FL, the JFIIT is a subordinate, functional command of USJFCOM tasked with improving the integration, interoperability, and effectiveness of joint fires.


Contact Information

Phone:

  • COMM: (850) 882-6700
  • DSN: 872-6700

Websites:

  • JFIIT JFCOM Public: "http://www.jfcom.mil/about/com_jfiit.htm".
  • JFIIT JFCOM Portal (DOD common access card users registered with JFCOM can access this site): "https://us.jfcom.mil/sites/JFIIT/Pages/Default.aspx".



Graphic showing Joint Information Operations Warfare Cente logo

Joint Information Operations Warfare Center

Mission

The Joint Information Operations Warfare Center (JIOWC) mission is to enable information operations (IO) and other missions for the commander, U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM) and other joint force commanders as directed. The JIOWC coordinates and synchronizes regional and global IO efforts and enhances IO support across the Department of Defense (DOD). Additionally, the JIOWC partners with other IO-related entities, internal and external to the DOD, to further enhance the global IO mission.


Tasks

The assigned tasks of the JIOWC include:

  • Providing direct support to headquarters, USSTRATCOM.
  • Supporting USSTRATCOM planning, programming, budgeting, and execution efforts to include advocacy for electronic warfare (EW), military deception (MILDEC), operations security (OPSEC), and strategic communication.
  • Conducting effects-based IO planning support and assessment.
  • Conducting and providing OPSEC survey and planning support (to include joint multi-disciplinary vulnerability assessments) to USSTRATCOM and other joint force commanders as directed. Provide MILDEC planning support.
  • Providing EW planning support and advocacy.
  • Conducting effects-based assessment of assigned operations.
  • Maintaining readiness at directed levels.
  • Participating in joint special technical operations.
  • Coordinating and integrating IO intelligence preparation of the environment.
  • Assisting in the development of joint IO doctrine and tactics, techniques, and procedures.
  • Evaluating IO effectiveness in military operations.
  • Performing vulnerability/effectiveness analyses of U.S. advanced concept technology demonstrations.

Capabilities

The capabilities of the JIOWC include:

  • Providing IO subject-matter experts with special emphasis on EW, MILDEC, and OPSEC.
  • Maintaining a cadre of intelligence professionals tightly focused on the IO problem set.
  • Maintaining a habitual working relationship with the IO staffs of the combatant commanders and service elements.
  • Providing focused and tailored IO planning products.

History and Subordination

The Joint Electronic Warfare Center was established by the secretary of defense in October 1980 and reported to the joint staff. In September 1994, the mission was expanded and the organization was renamed the Joint Command and Control Warfare Center (JC2WC). In 1998, as a result of the Defense Reform Initiative, the JC2WC was realigned from the joint staff to U.S. Atlantic Command. The JC2WC mission was further expanded and resulted in redesignation as the Joint Information Operations Center (JIOC). In October 1999, the JIOC was realigned as a subordinate command of U.S. Space Command. On 1 October 2002, the JIOC was realigned as a subordinate command to USSTRATCOM. In 2006, the JIOC was renamed the Joint Information Operations Warfare Command and focused on operational IO planning and operations. Subsequently, the JIOWC was renamed the Joint Information Operations Warfare Center. The director, JIOWC, reports to the USSTRATCOM commander.


Organization

The JIOWC is collocated with the Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance Agency and components of the 24th Air Force at Lackland Air Force Base in San Antonio, TX.


Contact Information

Phone: (210) 977-2507.




Graphic showing Joint Public Affairs Support Element logo

Joint Public Affairs Support Element

Mission

The Joint Public Affairs Support Element (JPASE) assures joint force commanders have mission-ready public affairs forces through joint capability development and training to plan and execute communication strategies in the joint, interagency, and multinational environments. When directed, the JPASE deploys in support of joint emergent operations.


Capabilities

The JPASE trains and maintains a capability to rapidly deploy as a team to assist the combatant commanders. The operational teams help properly disseminate information to the public. The JPASE seeks to enhance overall joint public affairs (JPA) capabilities through training, doctrine development, and the establishment of joint standards and requirements, assuring the joint force commander has an organization of trained, equipped, and deployment-ready public affairs professionals. The goal of these professionals is to provide counsel, operational planning, and tactical execution of communication strategies as a function of joint military operations. The JPASE provides the warfighter with a trained, equipped, scalable, and expeditionary JPA capability to support worldwide operational requirements. The JPASE is an early entry capability that enables the joint force commander to gain and maintain the initiative in the information domain. The JPASE has three related functional areas:

  • Expeditionary capability. The JPASE deployable teams provide a standing, rapidly deployable, turn-key JPA capability to support various operational requirements. The JPASE can deploy alone or with any combination of other joint enabling commands based on the needs of the combatant commander or joint forces commander.
  • Proponency. The JPASE defines capabilities, establishes joint standards, leads development and education, researches, explores, and experiments in areas of concern to the JPA community across the entire spectrum of doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel, and facilities.
  • Training support. The JPASE provides quality public affairs training through participation in major exercises, seminars, and planning events. This training allows joint forces commanders and their staffs to successfully meet continuously evolving information environment challenges in their respective theaters of operation.


Photo showing Master Sgt. Greg Deimel, JPASE, verifies that the Digital Video and Imaging Distribution System (DVIDS) is connecting to the satellites and responding properly. DVIDS allows the user to send real-time video and audio to Atlanta for distribution to news outlets worldwide


Master Sgt. Greg Deimel, JPASE, verifies that the Digital Video and Imaging Distribution System (DVIDS) is connecting to the satellites and responding properly. DVIDS allows the user to send real-time video and audio to Atlanta for distribution to news outlets worldwide.


JPASE Deployment Since 2006

  • Joint Task Force (JTF) Lebanon, July 2006
  • Ford State Funeral, December 2006
  • International Security Assistance Force, Afghanistan, April-July 2007
  • California Wildfires, October 2007
  • JTF Operation Burnt Frost, February 2008
  • Task Force Ramadi, March-November 2008
  • Republic of Georgia Humanitarian Assistance, August 2008
  • Hurricanes Gustav and Ike, September 2008
  • U.S. Forces Afghanistan, October 2008-March 2009


Organization

The JPASE is an element of the Joint Enabling Capabilities Command and part of the U.S. Joint Forces Command located at the Joint Warfighting Center in Suffolk, VA. The JPASE is organized to provide direct support to specific combatant command requirements. This focus allows the JPASE to concentrate on the particular aspects of geography, culture, and organization of a command while gaining proficiency and understanding of the common operating tools and practices each employs. This regional combatant command alignment establishes a traditional and habitual relationship between JPASE and combatant commands with the overall goal of continually improving public affairs training and operational messages. Forty-four of JPASE's 48 personnel are designated to support expeditionary operations.


Contact Information

Phone:

  • COMM: (757) 203-7536
  • DSN: 836-7536


"JPASE's efforts dramatically improved public opinion toward the U.S. I wish I had that capability with me on the first day . . ."

-Rear Admiral LeFever, Commander, U.S. Disaster Assistance Center, Pakistan




Graphic showing Joint Warfare Analysis Center logo

Joint Warfare Analysis Center

Mission

The Joint Warfare Analysis Center (JWAC) provides combatant commands (COCOMs), joint staff, and other customers with precise technical solutions to carry out the national security and military strategies of the United States. The JWAC maintains and enhances its ability to conduct comprehensive technical analysis.


Capabilities

The JWAC assists the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and commanders of unified commands in their preparation and analysis of joint operational plans. Specifically, the JWAC provides COCOMs, joint task forces (JTFs), and subordinate JTFs with effects-based, precision-targeting options for selected networks and nodes to carry out the national security and military strategies of the U.S. across the spectrum of operations.

JWAC analysis informs and supports decision makers both in combat and in policymaking sessions at the highest levels of government. With direct connection to the combatant commanders, the JWAC is uniquely positioned within the Department of Defense (DOD) to flexibly solve a broad range of problems, examine intractable issues from an unfettered viewpoint, and provide commanders with full-spectrum engagement options encompassing all elements of national power.


Organization

The JWAC is a subordinate unified command of U.S. Joint Forces Command, located at the Naval Support Facility in Dahlgren, VA. The JWAC is a premier science and engineering institution tasked with solving complex challenges for our nation's warfighters. The JWAC uses social and physical science techniques and engineering expertise to assist warfighters in support of our national security. The JWAC coordinates directly with the staffs of all unified commands, COCOMs, DOD elements, military services, and other government departments and agencies to protect our country and help our nation's armed forces accomplish their missions.



Photo showing Joint Warfare Analysis Center, Dahlgren, VA

Joint Warfare Analysis Center, Dahlgren, VA



Contact Information

Phone:

  • COMM: (540) 653-8781
  • DSN: 249-8781

Website: "http://www.jwac.mil/"

Visit the JWAC SECRET Internet Protocol Router Network Web site to obtain more detailed information and additional contacts.




Graphic showing United States Joint Forces Command logo

Special Operations Command Joint Forces Command

Mission

Special Operations Command Joint Forces Command (SOCJFCOM) trains conventional and special operations joint force commanders and their staffs in the employment of special operations forces (SOF), focusing on the full integration of SOF and conventional forces in both planning and execution to enhance warfighting readiness.



Photo showing Members of SOCJFCOM's joint training team support Joint Task Force (JTF) 520 conducting joint special operation task force (JSOTF) operations onboard the USS Ohio submarine in the Pacific.

Members of SOCJFCOM's joint training team support Joint Task Force (JTF) 520 conducting joint special operation task force (JSOTF) operations onboard the USS Ohio submarine in the Pacific.





Photo showing members of SOCJFCOM's joint training team support the Special Operations Command South in Paraguay

Members of SOCJFCOM's joint training team support the Special Operations Command South in Paraguay.



Capabilities

SOCJFCOM's key tasks are:

  • Train conventional joint forces (geographic combatant command and JTF staffs) in SOF employment considerations.
  • Support the training programs of joint SOF commanders and staffs to enhance warfighting readiness.
  • Ensure training insights are incorporated into U.S. Joint Forces Command (USJFCOM) and U.S. Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) joint concept development and experimentation (JCD&E) and joint interoperability efforts.
  • Provide dedicated SOF subject-matter expert support to JCD&E activities.
  • Facilitate USJFCOM-USSOCOM interaction and cooperation.

SOCJFCOM provides three levels of joint SOF/JSOTF training. Each level is designed for specific training audiences based on both their entry knowledge and whether they are participating in the training as individuals or as part of unit training. The three levels of this training are shown below.



Graphic showing three levels of joint SOF/JSOTF training



Organization

SOCJFCOM is a sub-unified command of USJFCOM. SOCJFCOM is aligned under USJFCOM; however, the command has responsibilities to support both USJFCOM and USSOCOM, which makes SOCJFCOM ideally positioned to support SOF conventional force training and integration.


Contact Information

Phone: (757) 203-0301

Website: "http://www.socjfcom.jfcom.mil".




Graphic showing 1st Information Operations Command logo

1st Information Operations Command (Land)

Mission

The 1st Information Operations Command [1st IO Command (Land)] deploys IO support teams to provide IO planning support and vulnerability assessments. The 1st IO Command (Land) also provides an IO reachback capability to operational and tactical IO staffs as directed.


Capabilities

The 1st IO Command (Land) is a key component in integrating and synchronizing IO efforts, network operations, and network warfare capabilities with operational units through the global deployment of its support teams. In addition to supporting the Army Global Network Operations and Security Center (A-GNOSC) and Theater Network Operations and Security Centers (TNOSCs) with the Army computer emergency response team (CERT) and the theater regional CERTs respectively, 1st IO Command (Land) provides critical cyberspace all-source intelligence support, testing of the network defenses, network forensic analysis, unit network vulnerability assessments, and computer network operations (CNO) planning capabilities. The 1st IO Command (Land) also provides Army cyber training support through its basic CNO planners course, a newly approved Army skill identifier-producing course.

The command has regionally focused IO and IO-related intelligence planning teams assigned to provide reachback planning and special studies support. Operations planners are involved prior to, during, and after exercises and support contingencies such as the counter improvised explosive device effort.

The 1st IO Battalion is responsible for training and deploying multiple field support teams; vulnerability assessment teams; and Chief of Staff of the Army-directed operational security awareness teams in direct support of Army and land component commands planning, preparing, executing, and assessing IO for Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and other Army missions.

The 2nd IO Battalion conducts and synchronizes Army CNO through an around-the-clock operations center fully integrated with forward-positioned, regional CERTs in support of service, joint, and combatant commands. When tasked by the Department of the Army, 2nd IO Battalion deploys worldwide to provide commands with technical support for computer incidents and intrusions.

The Army Reprogramming Analysis Team-Threat Analysis supports Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps, U.S. Special Operations Command forces, and materiel developers through the identification and reporting of changes in worldwide threat signature information requiring the reprogramming of Army target-sensing systems.

1st IO Command (Land) conducts specialized training for IO subject-matter experts, deploying IO teams, and deploying units through fixed resident training facilities and by customized, deployable mobile training teams.

1st IO Command (Land) received the Army Superior Unit Award, the Association of Old Crows Army Unit Award, and the National Operations Security Organizational Achievement Award as recognition for support to Army and national missions.



Photo showing Soldier at work



Organization

Located at Fort Belvoir, VA, the 1st IO Command (Land) is a component of the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command.


Contact Information

Phone: COMM: (703) 706-1791

Website: "http://www.inscom.army.mil"




Graphic showing United States Joint Forces Command logo

Information Operations Joint Management Office

Mission

The Information Operations Joint Management Office (IO JMO) works with services, agencies, combatant commanders, and coalition partners to combine IO and cyberspace operations with IO analysis, planning, and assessment capabilities—all in support of key military operations. The IO JMO is tasked to respond to the president's comprehensive national cyber security initiative by expanding capabilities and increasing support to cyber operations. Operating as a major player involved in defining and developing IO as a core competency, the IO JMO supports service, agency, and combatant commander operations.


Capabilities

The IO JMO helps create and support national-level participation in IO JMO activities, primarily through its two major programs: IO Range and Virtual Integrated Support for the Information Operations eNvironment (VisIOn).

IO Range is the only joint Department of Defense (DOD) capability enabling commanders to develop and test nonkinetic options prior to use in actual military operations. It is a secure, always available, operationally realistic venue to conduct IO testing, training, and experimentation. The IO Range is the first integrated capability to use realistic targets to assess IO technologies and tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTP), with more than 50 permanent or relocatable nodes worldwide to serve customer needs.

IO Range supports the IO core areas of computer network operations, electronic warfare, psychological operations, operations security, and military deception. IO Range capabilities assists joint force commanders, their staffs, and other customers in preparing, planning, executing, and assessing IO in joint operations.

IO Range can operate at any security level or at multiple security levels simultaneously. This ability provides users an opportunity to conduct operations through the IO Range in both cooperative and segmented environments.

There are a number of benefits available to users who partner with the IO Range. Leaders have a venue to conduct IO developmental activities, testing, training, experimentation, and mission rehearsals using realistic targets to assess IO technologies.

The IO Range offers:

  • Improved resource utilization, operations support, execution approvals, execution environment, innovation, "outside the box" testing and training, and effects validation.
  • Standing infrastructure that is continuously available for operations; this infrastucture provides a closed-loop network that ensures protection of operations, resources, and intellectual capital.
  • Streamlined approval process that ensures each user has fast, continuous access to the environment.
  • Centralized system that facilitates effective management, security, and coordination throughout the process.

Customers have the ability to work with the IO Range to support tests and exercises from their home location while simultaneously being exposed to the timing, approval processes, and real-world effects of nonkinetic weapons that would otherwise have to be simulated. Customers also benefit from the ability to exercise capabilities and concepts within a secure environment at reduced or no cost. Since the IO Range began operations in August 2007, the time required for approvals has significantly decreased from 12 to 18 months to the current average of 6 to 8 weeks.

VisIOn, the second major program in IO JMO, is an IO planning, analysis, and assessment capability being developed to effectively integrate with kinetic operations. VisIOn is intended to help U.S. forces that may not have the skilled people, processes, procedures, or automated technology to conduct IO activities. When fielded, VisIOn will provide warfighters an automated, standardized system to plan IO and cyber activities customized to their units' skill levels. VisIOn will integrate dispersed intelligence systems and databases with other analytic tools into automated, common planning processes.

VisIOn provides a collaborative environment to improve mission execution and assessment, which brings together subject-matter experts to develop IO community-wide solutions. VisIOn's collaborative environment allows the planner or analyst in one location to meet online with a planner or analyst in another location to share concepts and ideas while building their plan in real time.


Organization

The IO JMO is assigned to the U.S. Joint Forces Command Joint Warfighting Center in Suffolk, VA. It manages IO Range and VisIOn, both DOD-directed programs, on behalf of the under secretary of defense for intelligence.


Contact Information

Phone: COMM: (757) 836-6555

Website: "http://www.jfcom.mil/about/abt_j7.htm"



 

 
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