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Handbook 10-60
August 2010

Command and Control

Articles:

Deployable Joint Command and Control System

Joint Communications Support Element

Joint Deployable Teams

Joint Interoperability Test Command

Joint Operational Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence Assessment Team

Joint Spectrum Center

Joint Task Force Civil Support Joint Planning Augmentation Cell

Joint Task Force-Global Network Operations

Multinational Information Sharing

Joint Systems Integration Center



Graphic showing Deployable Joint Command and Control logo

Deployable Joint Command and Control System

Mission

The Deployable Joint Command and Control (DJC2) system provides the joint force commander with a material solution for a standardized, integrated, modular, scalable, and rapidly deployable joint command and control (C2) capability. It is tailored to support the joint task force (JTF) headquarters (HQ) C2 joint mission, including en route, early entry, rapid response, and full JTF C2 operations. The DJC2 system provides a mission-critical, integrated system of systems to plan, control, coordinate, execute, and assess joint operations across the full spectrum of conflict and humanitarian aid operations.



Photo showing exterior and interior of an operational DJC2 system

Figure 1-1. Exterior and interior of an operational DJC2 system



Capabilities

The DJC2 system enables a joint force commander to set up a self-contained, self-powered, computer network-enabled, temporary C2 headquarters capability anywhere in the world within 6-24 hours of arrival at a location. The base DJC2 system (the core configuration and its embedded early entry configuration) consists of a linked group of self-powered, climate-controlled tents that house computer network servers, computer workstations, furniture, satellite communications equipment, voice and data encryption equipment, a video teleconferencing system, large video display screens, printers, fax machines, etc. Fully deployed in its core configuration, the DCJ2 system is capable of supporting a JTF command post (CP) or a combatant command component command CP. With its integral servers and satellite system, it provides the warfighter with five computer networks: SECRET Internet Protocol Router Network, Non-Secure Internet Protocol Router Network, Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System, Combined Enterprise Regional Information Exchange System, and Non-Governmental Organization Network. A core configuration supports 60 operators, but can be expanded for 240+ operators.

The DJC2 system utilizes Global Command and Control-Joint as its primary C2 software application, as well as the Command and Control Personal Computer system, and a suite of collaboration tools including Defense Connect Online, SharePoint, XMPP Chat internal, and a robust portal. The system includes two AN/PRC-117F radios that can be operated from computer operator laptops through WAVETM unified communications software. The system provides access to Enhanced Mobile Satellite Services through six iridium global phones (secure or unsecure) as well as access to Defense Switched Network and Defense Red Switched Network telephone services. The system is self-powered by five 60-kilowatt generators, but also has the ability to connect to local power grids across the world. The system also comes with eight environmental control units that provide heating and air conditioning for operator comfort and equipment operation. The AN/USC-60A satellite receiver/transmitter system provides the primary communications linkages for DJC2, with an AN/68 SWE-Dish for backup communications.

The DJC2 system is packaged in transit cases for flexibility and modularity, allowing the joint force commander to tailor the system to each individual mission (i.e., take only what is needed and leave the rest). The DJC2 system is supported by a mature, three-tiered support structure called the DJC2 Operations Support Center, which includes the following:

  • Four on-site contractors embedded with the warfighting command owner who deploys with the system (Tier 1), a 24/7 help desk (Tier 2), and the system subject-matter experts (Tier 3).
  • Fly-away technical assist teams.
  • Robust online support portal.
  • Hands-on and computer-based training.
  • Job aids.
  • Interactive electronic technical manuals.
  • Full sparing through a Performance Based Logistics-Joint facility.

The delivered system includes four configurations:

  • Rapid response configuration. This configuration consists of a lightweight, highly mobile C2 capability transported by 1-2 persons as carry-on/checked baggage. Provides C2 for first responders and small control teams.
  • En route configuration. This configuration is a 6- to 12-seat pallet with airborne command, control, communications and computers (C4) allowing basic situational awareness, and essential mission planning and execution. It can provide C2 capability while airborne.
  • Early entry configuration. This configuration is a sheltered 20- to 40-seat package providing full C2 capabilities and a limited C4 capability. This configuration is a 72- to 96-hour package capable of supporting combat operations center activities prior to the arrival of the full JTF main body. This configuration can be set up and operational in less than six hours.
  • Core configuration. This configuration is a sheltered 60-seat package that supports small- and large-scale JTF operations. This configuration can be set up and operational in less than 24 hours.


Graphic showing diagram of Various DJC2 system configurations

Figure 1-2. Various DJC2 system configurations



All four configurations are fully certified with individual authorities to operate and certifications for joint interoperability and transportability/air worthiness.

The DJC2 system also includes an experimental maritime concept demonstration suite with DJC2 workstations installed in shipboard containers for operation of a JTF C2 HQ aboard a ship while underway.

To ensure the fielded DJC2 systems stay technologically current and able to fully support the warfighters' emerging requirements, the DJC2 program is executing a robust technology refresh and technology insertion effort, which is funded across the Fiscal Year Defense Plan. The DJC2 program holds two user conferences a year to bring together its warfighter customers to discuss capability needs and then closely aligns the technology refresh and technology insertion efforts (which include both hardware and software) to meet those needs. The first new technology insertion capability was delivered in 2009, providing warfighters with secure wireless networking with extension of services.


Organization

The DJC2 system is a joint program, with the U.S. Navy as the acquisition executive. There are six DJC2 systems fielded, one each with:

  • U.S. Southern Command (with the system based at the Joint Communications Support Element).
  • U.S. European Command.
  • U.S. Pacific Command.
  • Southern European Task Force (SETAF)-U.S. Army Africa.
  • U.S. Army South.
  • III Marine Expeditionary Force.

The program is currently in its sustainment and technology refresh/technology insertion phase.



"The command and control tools, applications, and connectivity DJC2 provides to the deployed commander are incredible."

-Colonel Denise Kloeppel, Commander, Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center (AFOTEC) Detachment 3, which is responsible for testing command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance programs.



Contact Information

To request a DJC2 system, submit a request for forces through your command. Use the following information to request:

  • DJC2 Early Entry/Core Configuration: (Nomenclature pending), UTC 6JC2E.
  • DJC2 En Route Configuration: AN/USQ-199(V), UTC 6JC2N.
  • DJC2 Rapid Response Kit: AN/USQ-200(V)1, UTC 6JC2R.

For more information about requesting a DJC2 system, please call (619) 524-3432.




Graphic showing Joint Enabling Capabilities Command logo

Joint Communications Support Element

Mission

The Joint Communications Support Element (JCSE) immediately deploys to provide en route, early entry, and scalable command, control, communications, and computers (C4) support to the regional combatant commands, Special Operations Command, and other agencies as directed. The JCSE provides additional C4 services within 72 hours to support larger combined joint task force or combined joint special operations task force headquarters across the full spectrum of operations.


Capabilities

The JCSE has the unique ability to solve communications and interoperability problems between services, coalitions, and host-nation partners and has led the way in incorporating the latest communications technologies for supporting the joint force commander.



Photo showing JCSE deploys in hours and is commercially air transportable

Expeditionary: The JCSE deploys in hours and is commercially air transportable.





Photo showing JCSE provides access to a full-range of Department of Defense (DOD) and commercial networks and early entry for 40-seat joint command and control node

The JCSE provides access to a full-range of Department of Defense (DOD) and commercial networks and early entry for 40-seat joint command and control node.



Photo showing JCSE Seamlessly scaling support from an early-entry package to a full joint task force

The JCSE Seamlessly scales support from an early-entry package to a full joint task force.



Organization

The JCSE, headquarted at MacDill Air Force Base (AFB), FL, is a subordinate unit of the U.S. Joint Forces Command. The JCSE is a joint command consisting of a headquarters support squadron (HSS) and communications support detachment (CSD), three active duty squadrons, two Air National Guard squadrons, and one Army Reserve squadron.

  • The three active duty squadrons, 1st, 2nd, and 3rd Joint Communications Squadron (JCS), as well as HSS and CSD, are all headquartered at MacDill AFB.
  • The Army Reserve Squadron, or 4th JCS, is also headquartered at MacDill AFB.
  • The Air National Guard squadrons are part of the Florida and Georgia Air National Guard:
    • The 290th Joint Communications Support Squadron (JCSS) is from the Florida Air National Guard and is headquartered at MacDill AFB.
    • The 224th JCSS is from the Georgia Air National Guard and is headquartered at Brunswick, GA.

Recent Deployments

The JCSE has:

  • Continuously been deployed since September 11, 2001.
  • Maintained an alert posture, including defense support to civil authorities.
  • Provided chairman of the joint chiefs of staff (CJCS)-directed communications support to combatant commands, services, and other government agencies (CJCS Instruction 3110.10D).
  • Served as DOD's "911" command, control, and communications provider.

Contact Information

Phone:

  • COMM: (813) 828-1787
  • DSN 968-5273

Website: "http://www.jcse.mil"




Graphic showing United States Joint Forces Command logo

Joint Deployable Teams

Mission

Joint deployable teams (JDTs) enable the joint force commander to command and control the integrated operations of air, land, maritime, and informational capabilities of assigned forces.


Capabilities

The JDTs are an integral part of the Department of Defense's efforts to strengthen joint operations and improve joint command and control readiness. JDTs are not individual augmentees but rather a team of readily deployable and experienced joint planners and operators. JDTs deploy to assist joint task force commanders in establishing new headquarters and supporting humanitarian assistance and disaster relief operations. The JDTs maintain capabilities and provide expertise in four critical areas:

  • Operations-enhancing situational understanding. Primary responsibilities are in the joint operations center distributing commander's guidance and intent while monitoring and directing the execution of operations and component command tactical actions.
  • Plans-providing a mission-tailored planning team that takes advantage of joint planner expertise and an understanding of joint doctrine and best practices ensuring integrated employment of land, air, maritime, and information capabilities.
  • Knowledge management/information superiority-providing an operational advantage by collecting, processing, and disseminating information.
  • Logistics-providing integration, coordination, and implementation of joint logistics operations and planning to effectively support joint operations in the areas of personnel, sustainment, transportation, and strategic mobility.


Photos showing JDTs provide the joint task force commander experience in the planning and execution of joint military operations

The JDTs provide the joint task force commander experience in the planning and execution of joint military operations.



Organization

The Joint Enabling Capabilities Command (JECC), formally the Standing Joint Force Headquarters Directorate, is headquartered at the Joint Warfighting Center at Suffolk, VA. A subordinate to the U.S. Joint Forces Command, the JECC maintains three JDTs consisting of 45 personnel (24 active, 21 reserve) who posses experience in the planning and execution of joint military operations. JDTs provide tailorable, functional capabilities designed to meet real-world demand signals from geographical combatant commands.


Recent Deployments

  • U.S. Africa Command Planning Support, March 2009-present.
  • U.S. Central Command Theater Planning Synchronization Element, October 2008-present.
  • Task Force Ramadi, Al Anbar Province, Iraq, February-November 2008.
  • U.S. Naval Force Central Command Crisis Response Planning, Bahrain, February-December 2007.
  • Doha Asian Games, Doha, Qatar, October-December 2006.
  • Joint Task Force Lebanon, August-September 2006.
  • International Security Assistance Force-Afghanistan, July-October 2006, February-May 2007, and October 2007-May 2008.
  • Task Force Paladin, Afghanistan, April-June 2006.
  • Combined Disaster Assistance Center, Pakistan, October-November 2005.
  • Joint Task Force Katrina, September-October 2005.
  • Multi-National Force-Iraq, May-July 2005.
  • Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa, March-July 2005 and June 2006-March 2008.
  • Multi-National Corps-Iraq, March-May 2005 and December 2005-March 2006.

Contact Information

Phone: COMM: (757) 203-5101

Website: "https://us.jfcom.mil/sites/SJFHQ"



"The JECC capabilities in the areas of operations, plans and knowledge management were specifically requested by Lieutenant General Rodriguez to act as a bridging mechanism until the new international command reaches full operational capability."

-Navy Rear Admiral Walter E. Carter Jr., Commander JECC, 16 October 2009





Graphic showing Joint Interoperability Test Command logo

Joint Interoperability Test Command

Mission

The Joint Interoperability Test Command (JITC) provides a full range of agile and cost-effective test, evaluation, and certification services supporting rapid acquisition and fielding of global net-centric warfighting capabilities.


Capabilities

The JITC conducts testing of national security systems and information technology systems hardware, software, and components. Services include developmental, conformance, interoperability, operational, and validation testing. The JITC provides "one-stop" systems testing with its one-of-a-kind array of test beds and uniquely qualified staff. The command can interface all of its on-site capabilities and network with any testing or operational facility worldwide. The JITC reduces risk to the warfighter by ensuring interoperability throughout a system's life cycle. The JITC provides joint exercise and global contingency interoperability support to the combatant commands (COCOMs) by:

  • Providing joint command, control, communications, and computers (C4)interoperability support for exercises and contingencies.
  • Providing technical expertise in support of the COCOM combined interoperability boards.
  • Operating a 24/7 C4 technical support hotline.
  • Managing the on-site liaison program for key combatant commands to assist in the execution of the JITC mission.
  • Developing and maintaining a lessons learned database.


JITC's Areas of Expertise

  • Asynchronous transfer mode
  • International interoperability
  • Common operational picture
  • Defense Information System Network
  • Defense Message System
  • Defense Red Switch Network
  • Intelligence systems and networks
  • Electronic commerce
  • Global Command and Control System
  • Global Combat Support System
  • Telemedicine
  • Logistics
  • High-frequency wireless
  • Information assurance
  • Air and missile defense
  • National imagery transmission
  • Satellite communications
  • Secure key management
  • Tactical communications
  • Strategic communications
  • Digital information links
  • Variable message format
  • Unmanned aerial systems
  • Code vulnerability


Organization

The JITC belongs to the Defense Information Systems Agency and is located at Indian Head, MD, and Fort Huachuca, AZ. JITC is recognized throughout the Department of Defense (DOD) and industry for its diligence in extensively testing and providing joint certification for the net-centric systems employed by the DOD.


Contact Information

JITC Indian Head, MD:

  • Phone:
    • COMM: (301) 744-2602
    • DSN: 354-2602
  • Website: "http://jitc.fhu.disa.mil"

JITC Fort Huachuca, AZ:

  • Phone:
    • DSN: 879-5009
    • 24/7/365 hotline support: 1-800-LET-JITC (1-800-538-5482)



Graphic showing Joint Interoperability Test Command logo

Joint Operational Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence Assessment Team

Mission

Part of the Defense Information System Agency, the Joint Operational Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Intelligence Assessment Team (JOCAT) is a deployable Link 11 and Link 16 tactical data link (TDL). The JOCAT conducts data collection, and system analysis and assessments to determine the system's ability to exchange information required to support and conduct military operations.


Capabilities

The JOCAT provides both technical and operational assessments to include recommendations for system and network improvements. During an exercise event the team provides technical military-standard training and operational support to the participants and the exercise/event leadership. The actual support the JOCAT provides depends on the event and the customer. JOCAT personnel participate in the exercise/event planning process to identify the support requirements based on exercise objectives, participants, and the customer's specific requirements. The following paragraphs identify various types of support.

  • System capabilities and functionality assessments. The JOCAT performs assessments of live, virtual, and constructive systems' ability to exchange information via the VMF K-Series, Link 16 J-series, and Link 11 M-series TDL messages in accordance with their respective military standard to perform two critical functions for warfighter success:
    • The surveillance function (correctly reporting and updating an entity).
    • The engagement (control) function (engagement of designated targets to include battle damage reporting).
  • TDL network assessments. The JOCAT not only looks at the systems' capabilities to perform critical warfighter functions, but also assesses the ability of the TDL network to support and provide the systems and their operators the correct environment in which to exchange information. The JOCAT does so because a network must support and provide systems the correct environment to exchange information. Failure of the network to do so defeats the systems' and their operators' efforts, resulting in incomplete single integrated air, space, and ground pictures and common situational awareness.
  • Target engagement success. The JOCAT can automatically determine how well the Link 16 architecture and its participating systems support the combat identification, baseline information exchange, surveillance function, and engagement (control) function associated with hostile air, land points/tracks, and space surveillance tracks. JOCAT calls the process the kill thread. The results describe each kill thread success in terms of time, involved systems, and all their critical messages reported or not reported on Link 16.
  • Joint interface control officer (JICO) support. Working with the JICO, the JOCAT assists in the planning and pre-exercise development and assessment of network concepts, systems, and equipment. During the exercise the JOCAT continues supporting the JICO with system and network analysis.
  • Teaming. The JOCAT's philosophy is not to duplicate what other organizations do but leverage off of other organization's capabilities by teaming with them to serve as a multiplier maximizing the combined support to the warfighter. Such a relationship has existed with the joint fires integration and interoperability team since 2002.
  • Immediate feedback. The JOCAT's participation on site during the exercise/event provides immediate feedback to the exercise director, the JICO, and the exercise participants on TDL network operations and performance. By participating in the daily after action reviews, the JOCAT provides yardsticks to measure the success of exercise and training objectives.

Organization

As a deployable asset, the team tailors both personnel and toolsets to meet the customer's specific requirements. For nontactical environments, the team can work inside dedicated office space. For tactical environments, the JOCAT has self-contained shelters. For laboratory support, JOCAT uses a persistent Joint Training and Experimentation Network node as part of U.S. Joint Forces Command's Joint National Training Capability located at Fort Huachuca, AZ.


Contact Information

Phone: 1-800-LET-JITC.

Website: "http://jitc.fhu.disa.mil".




Graphic showing logos of Defense Spectrum Organization and Joiunt Spectrum cewnter

Joint Spectrum Center

Mission

The Joint Spectrum Center (JSC) provides expertise in the areas of spectrum planning, electromagnetic environmental effects (E3), information systems, modeling and simulation, and operations making available complete, spectrum-related services to military departments and combatant commands (COCOMs).


Background

The JSC has extensive experience in applying electromagnetic environmental databases and analysis tools to assist in both the acquisition and operation of communication-electronic assets. The JSC is a source of engineering expertise and services dedicated to ensuring effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum.

The JSC provides services such as spectrum-planning guidance, system integration, system vulnerability analysis, environmental analysis, test and measurement support, operational support, and spectrum management software development.

The JSC provides support for spectrum planning; spectrum certification of new weapon and sensor system development; and training and operational support to the unified commands, military departments, and defense agencies. These services are also available to federal and local government activities. Additionally, foreign nations can obtain assistance through foreign military sales channels. The JSC can provide these services to U.S. industries when the efforts are determined to be in the interest of national security.


Capabilities

The JSC applies electromagnetic environmental databases and analysis tools and more than over three decades of experience to assist in both the acquisition and operation of communications-electronics assets. Services of the JSC include:

  • Spectrum planning guidance. Provide clear and accurate spectrum planning for communications systems, assist in obtaining host nation approval for permission to use a system abroad, and assist in selecting the proper frequency plan for the systems.
  • Co-site analysis for system integration. The dependence of modern military operations on electronic systems often means multiple radiating and receiving equipment must be placed in close proximity, often on the same platform. This can lead to co-site interference that degrades system performance. The JSC has leading experts in preventing and solving co-site problems. These experts use unique in-house capabilities such as specialized equipment parameter databases, sophisticated coupling models, and interference analysis tools designed specifically to predict when co-site interference will occur so remedial measures can be implemented.
  • Environmental analysis. The ability of a system to operate compatibly with other systems within its intended electromagnetic environment has become a critical factor in both system acquisition and operational planning. The JSC provides complete environmental analyses using worldwide frequency assignment data, extensive equipment parameter databases, and sophisticated analysis models that can predict when, where, and how interference might occur for terrestrial, air, and space-borne systems.
  • Test and measurement support. The JSC has extensive experience in performing the detailed planning required to ensure system testing is not compromised by electromagnetic interference at the test site. The JSC also performs system-level tests to ensure an emerging system has electronic characteristics that will promote electromagnetic compatibility with other systems in its electromagnetic environment. The JSC test facility features more than 2,700 square feet of shielded enclosures that are National Security Agency and military-standard complient and calibrated equipment for conducting measurements at frequencies from direct current to 40 GHz, and customized test configurations.
  • System vulnerability analysis. The JSC assisted in development of the methodologies currently in use by the Department of Defense (DOD) to determine a system's vulnerability to interception and jamming.
  • Spectrum management software development. The ability of modern military systems to effectively share the spectrum in congested battlefield environments can only be accomplished via the use of sophisticated, user-friendly spectrum management software systems. The JSC has developed nearly all of the spectrum management systems in use by our military services today.
  • Operational support. The JSC can assist in the planning of exercises or contingencies by using JSC databases and modeling tools to generate frequency plans and restricted frequency lists. The JSC planning will ensure military operations are not hampered by harmful electromagnetic interference interactions. The JSC can also identify sources of interference and suggest solutions to combat interference degrading the effectiveness of modern military systems.

In support to the warfighting unified combatant commands and joint task force commanders, the JSC operations division provides:

  • Automated frequency management support and training, electromagnetic environmental database support, electromagnetic compatibility analysis support, generation of the joint communications electronics operation instruction, development of the joint restricted frequency list, and support to the electronic warfare officer and the information operations (IO) cell.
  • Joint spectrum interference resolution support through analysis and deployment teams.
  • Spectrum XXI software training and joint exercise support.
  • Area studies in support of unified COCOM requirements.
  • JSC liaison and coordination support to the IO cell, the Joint Information Operations Center, and intelligence organizations as required.
  • Review of operation plans for spectrum supportability, upon request.

Organization

The JSC is a field office within the Defense Spectrum Organization and part of the Defense Information Systems Agency. JSC has six divisions with different missions:

  • Operational Support Division provides communications-electronics and electromagnetic battlespace support and joint spectrum interference resolution support to the COCOMs.
  • Defense Spectrum Relocation Management Activity (DSRMA) Division oversees the 1710-1755 MHz spectrum relocation process for all affected DOD systems. In addition, the DSRMA division supports the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Networks and Information Integration.
  • Research, Development, And Acquisition Division researches, assesses, and models emerging spectrum technologies; manages the DOD Electromagnetic Environmental Effects (E3) Program; provides E3 advice and training; develops electromagnetic spectrum models and simulations; and provides spectrum policy technical advice and assessments.
  • Information Systems Division provides spectrum data collection, data management, software distribution, Spectrum XXI operations, and information systems management.
  • Business Operations Division provides personnel, financial, security, facilities, and quality assurance services for the Defense Spectrum Organization.
  • Applied Engineering Division analyzes performance of spectrum-dependant systems in their intended operational electromagnetic environments, and helps program managers minimize system acquisition costs and schedules.

Contact Information

Phone:

  • COMM: (410) 293-2422
  • DSN: 281-2422

Website: "www.disa.mil/jsc"




Graphic showing Joint Task Force Civil Support logo

Joint Task Force Civil Support Joint Planning Augmentation Cell

Mission

The Joint Task Force Civil Support (JTF-CS) Joint Planning Augmentation Cell (JPAC) anticipates, plans, and integrates U.S. Northern Command (USNORTHCOM) chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high-yield explosive (CBRNE) consequence management operations. When directed, JTF-CS establishes command and control of Department of Defense (DOD) forces in response to a CBRNE incident to assist local authorities in saving lives, preventing injury, and providing temporary critical life support. The JPAC provides exportable planning expertise for CBRNE consequence management operations.


Capabilities

JPAC is a trained, mission-ready CBRNE consequence management reaction force that can rapidly respond to a catastrophic CBRNE incident. The JPAC integrates DOD forces and capabilities in support of the primary agency to save lives, prevent injury, provide temporary critical life support; and enable community recovery.

  • The JTF-CS supports the primary federal agency (typically the Federal Emergency Management Agency, now part of Department of Homeland Security) in managing the consequences of a CBRNE situation in the U.S. or its territories and possessions.
  • Deployment of the JTF-CS, at the direction of the commander of USNORTHCOM and on the authority of the secretary of defense, would occur only upon the request of civil authorities.
  • The JTF-CS consists of members of all services, as well as civilian personnel, and is commanded by a federalized Army National Guard general officer.


Photo showing Members of the U.S. Marine Corps' CBRNE incident response force extract an injured person during a simulation as part of the U.S. NORTHCOM 2009 civic leaders tour at Fort Monroe, VA. (Photo by MC1 Steven J. Weber, JTF-CS Public Affairs)


Members of the U.S. Marine Corps' CBRNE incident response force extract an injured person during a simulation as part of the U.S. NORTHCOM 2009 civic leaders tour at Fort Monroe, VA. (Photo by MC1 Steven J. Weber, JTF-CS Public Affairs)

The JPAC has two teams that can deploy within a four-hour window. Each team normally has four members consisting of:

  • Team chief.
  • Nuclear, biological, chemical/hazardous materials planner.
  • Logistics planner.
  • Medical planner.

The JTF-CS operates within a clear DOD chain of command. The JTF-CS commander reports to the commander of USNORTHCOM, who in turn reports to the secretary of defense and the president.

  • The JTF-CS works in support of the lead federal agency managing the consequences of a CBRNE situation in the U.S. or its territories and possessions. The JTF-CS acts upon approved requests for assistance and mission assignments received by DOD.
  • The DOD does not assume control of the response effort. Military forces always remain subordinate to civilian control and oversight in accordance with Article II, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution.
  • The DOD consequence management support and assistance to civil authorities will emphasize typical DOD roles, skills, and capabilities including the ability to mobilize large numbers of people, move large amounts of materiel and equipment, and provide logistical support.

Organization

The JTF-CS is headquartered at Fort Monroe, VA, and is a subordinate command of USNORTHCOM. The JTF-CS is a standing joint task force comprised of active, reserve and guard members from the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, Coast Guard, and civilian personnel. The JTF-CS is designed to plan, organize, and execute both homeland defense and civil support missions. When directed by the president or the secretary of defense, USNORTHCOM provides defense support of civil authorities, including consequence management operations.


Contact Information

Phone: COMM: (757) 788-6499

Website: "http://www.jtfcs.northcom.mil"

E-mail: "jtfcs_cmdgrp@jtfcs.northcom.mil"




Graphic showing Joint Task Force-Global Network Operations logo

Joint Task Force-Global Network Operations

Mission

The Joint Task Force-Global Network Operations (JTF-GNO) directs the operation and defense of the global information grid (GIG) to assure timely and secure net-centric capabilities across strategic, operational, and tactical boundaries in support of the Department of Defense's (DOD) full spectrum of warfighting, intelligence, and business missions.


Background

In 1998, the DOD recognized a growing cyber threat and in response created the Joint Task Force-Computer Network Defense (JTF-CND), which achieved initial operational capability on 30 December 1998, and full operational capability in June 1999.

In the fall of 2000, in accordance with DOD doctrine, JTF-CND became the Joint Task Force-Computer Network Operations (JTF-CNO). In October 2002, the new Unified Command Plan (Change 2) realigned JTF-CNO under the U.S. Strategic Command (USSTRATCOM).

The JTF-CNO began its largest and most comprehensive transformation in April 2004 when the commander of USSTRATCOM approved the joint concept of operations (CONOPS) for GIG network operations (NetOps). This NetOps CONOPS provided the common framework and command and control structure to conduct the USSTRATCOM Unified Command Plan-assigned mission of global network operations, combining the disciplines of enterprise systems and network management, network defense, and information decision management.

The secretary of defense signed a delegation of authority letter on 18 June 2004, designating the director, Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) as the new commander of the JTF-GNO. With this designation, the new command assumed the responsibility for directing the operation and defense of the GIG. This transformation enhanced the JTF-GNO's mission and objectives in achieving the Joint Vision 2020 Objective Force and the evolving concept of net-centricity.


Capabilities

The JTF-GNO functions in accordance with Unified Command Plan 2002 (Change 2) and the joint CONOPS for GIG NetOps, assuring global information superiority by achieving the three assurances outlined in the joint CONOPS for GIG NetOps: assured system and network availability, assured information protection, and assured information delivery.

Within each theater of operation, the JTF-GNO operates through theater NetOps centers (TNCs), established through the functional merger of DISA's regional network operations and security centers, regional computer emergency response teams, and regional satellite communications support centers. The TNCs establish, maintain, and provide theater-level GIG situational awareness.

The Global Network Operations Center (GNC) is responsible for directing the response to global NetOps issues and overseeing compliance in accordance with GIG operational policies. The GNC exercises operational control of the TNCs for global NetOps issues.

The TNCs provide technical support and execution as well as tactical control for theater NetOps issues to control centers for those parts of the GIG under their control. The TNCs act as the theater focal point to maintain NetOps situational awareness, support the control centers in executing their GIG responsibilities, and serve as liaison between a theater C4 (command, control, communications, and computers) control center (TCCC) or global C4 control center (GCCC) and the JTF-GNO.

For theater NetOps issues, the GNC supports the control centers by ensuring availability of the GIG through coordination with the TCCC or GCCC, TNCs, services, and agencies. The services and agencies operate and maintain the systems and networks they provide as part of the GIG, in compliance with GIG operations policy and direction of the GNC and appropriate TCCC or GCCC.


Organization

In late 2008, USSTRATCOM placed operational command of the JTF-GNO under the Joint Functional Component Command-Network Warfare (JFCC-NW). The commander of JFCC-NW is dual-hatted as the National Security Agency director; but as JFCC-NW commander, he reports to the USSTRATCOM commander. This alignment further strengthens the command and control of information operations under USSTRATCOM. JTF-GNO is authorized 160 billets.


Contact Information

Phone:

  • COMM: (800) 357-4231
  • DSN: 329-6400.

Website: "https://www.jtfgno.mil/"




Graphic showing Multinational Information Sharing Program Management Office logo

Multinational Information Sharing

Mission

The Multinational Information Sharing (MNIS) system manages current multinational information sharing efforts. The MNIS system provides the standard MNIS services and applications for the global information grid (GIG) enterprise information environment. The MNIS system facilitates information sharing among Department of Defense (DOD) components and eligible foreign nations for planning and execution of military operations.


Capabilities

The MNIS system is designed to support warfighters operating in a coalition environment. The current operational MNIS systems are comprised of the Combined Enterprise Regional Information Exchange System (CENTRIXS), Griffin, and the Combined Federated Battle Lab Network (CFBLNet). An objective of MNIS capability is the future concept as laid out in DOD Instruction 8110.1, Multinational Information Sharing Networks Implementation. This instruction articulates the vision to one day form a single, common, global, multinational, information-sharing area interconnected as needed with the GIG.

  • CENTRIXS supports intelligence and classified operations information exchange and sharing up to SECRET Releasable. CENTRIXS is federated among global and command enterprise environments. The global environment is managed by Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) to serve and interconnect command enterprise elements. The command enterprises consist of servers, applications, and encryption systems that form essentially autonomous service environments interconnecting command enclaves through existing regional communications networks. The command enterprises facilitate bilateral or multilateral access among cooperating nations and international organizations.
  • Griffin provides information sharing between participating nations for planning, implementing, and executing multinational planning and operations. Information-sharing capabilities requested by the Multinational Interoperability Council principals, through the Combined Communications-Electronics Board, are provided between national SECRET command and control systems of the participating nations. Services are provided by DISA at regionally located facilities. Current services include e-mail with attachments, sharing (bi-directional) common operational picture, national reachback for liaison officers, and directory service. Plans include Web services, chat services, and exchange of military messages.
  • CFBLNet provides a year-round network for research and development at a combined SECRET Releasable accreditation level. It supports development of coalition interoperability, doctrine, procedures, and protocols that can be transitioned to operational coalition networks in future contingencies.

Organization

DISA manages the MNIS system.


Contact Information

Phone: COMM: (703) 681-2133

Website: "http://www.disa.mil/mnis"




Graphic showing United States Joint Forces Command logo

Joint Systems Integration Center

Mission

The mission of the Joint Systems Integration Center (JSIC) is to improve the joint warfighter's ability to plan and execute operations by driving resolution of command and control (C2) interoperability problems and providing unbiased evaluations of existing and emerging C2 capabilities. Additionally, the JSIC looks for opportunities to exploit new technology for operational success.


Capabilities

The JSIC provides the following capabilites:

  • Interoperability demonstrations and assessments. The JSIC conducts operational and technical assessments, demonstrates and assesses the interoperability of selected programs and systems, assesses compliance with net-centric technology standards and information assurance controls, conducts end-to-end joint interoperability validation against current and future C2 systems, and provides detailed recommendations to fix or improve assessed systems.
  • Capability assessments. Responding to urgent warfighter requirements, the JSIC evaluates the utility of new joint capabilities to identify capability issues early in the acquisition cycle. Capability assessments also determine information assurance, certification, and accreditation readiness, and provide assistance in determining appropriate system courses of action.
  • Capability integration. The JSIC integrates, validates, and demonstrates initial operational capabilities of new systems (including information assurance compliance) while uniquely configuring government and commercial off-the-shelf technologies to provide improved warfighter capability. The JSIC uses a spiral development process to ensure user requirements are reflected in each system development stage.
  • Command and control capability portfolio manager (C2 CPM). The JSIC provides a C2 assessment capability to the joint C2 CPM supporting Department of Defense C2 requirements, resourcing, and acquisition processes. The objective of this process is to ensure increased capability is delivered to the warfighter while reducing any capability gaps identified and gaining efficiencies through reduction of excess capability.

Additionally, the JSIC is able to replicate a basic North Atlantic Treaty Organization International Security Assistance Force communication information system environment to assess, investigate, isolate, and document coalition interoperability issues and recommend needed improvements.


Organization

Located in Suffolk, VA, the JSIC is a component of U.S. Joint Forces Command.



Graphic showing diagram of JSIC Organization



Contact Information

Phone: COMM: (757) 836-6555

Website: "http://www.jfcom.mil/about/com_jsic.htm"



 

Last Reviewed: May 18, 2012

 
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