CALL title banner
Handbook 11-07
December 2010

Chapter 5

Emergency Support Functions

The emergency support functions (ESFs) provide structure for coordinating federal interagency support in a federal response to an incident. They are mechanisms for grouping functions frequently used to provide federal support to states and federal-to-federal support, both for declared disasters and emergencies under the Stafford Act and for non-Stafford Act incidents.

A complete discussion of ESFs can be found in the National Response Framework (NRF) ESF annexes.



ESF #1: Transportation

  • Scope:
    • Aviation/airspace management and control.
    • Transportation safety.
    • Restoration/recovery of transportation infrastructure.
    • Movement restrictions.
    • Damage and impact assessment.
  • Purpose: Transportation provides support to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) by assisting federal, state, tribal, and local governmental entities, voluntary organizations, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), and the private sector in management of transportation systems and infrastructure during domestic threats or in response to incidents. ESF #1 also participates in prevention, preparedness, response, recovery, and mitigation activities. ESF #1 carries out Department of Transportation (DOT) statutory responsibilities, including regulation of transportation, management of the nation's airspace, and ensuring the safety and security of the national transportation system. ESF #1 is not responsible for movement of goods, equipment, animals, or people.
  • ESF coordinator: DOT.
  • Primary agency: DOT.
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
    • Department of Commerce (DOC).
    • Department of Defense (DOD).
    • Department of Energy (DOE).
    • DHS.
    • Department of the Interior (DOI).
    • Department of Justice (DOJ).
    • Department of State (DOS).
    • General Services Administration (GSA).
    • U.S. Postal Service (USPS).
  • DOD responsibilities: Provides military transportation capacity from the U.S. Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM) or other organizations to move essential resources, including DOT response personnel and associated equipment and supplies that have been requested and approved by the secretary of defense. USTRANSCOM also provides staff to the headquarters ESF #1 function and the regional ESF #1 when requested and upon approval by the secretary of defense. Provides assets to complement temporarily degraded or disrupted DOT/Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) air navigation services capabilities as requested by DOT/FAA and ESF #1.


ESF #2: Communications

  • Scope:
    • Coordination with the telecommunications and information technology industries.
    • Restoration/repair of telecommunications infrastructure.
    • Protection, restoration, and sustainment of national cyber technologies and information technology resources.
    • Oversight of communications within the federal incident management and response structures.
  • Purpose: Communications support the restoration of the communications infrastructure, facilitates the recovery of systems and applications from cyber attacks, and coordinates federal communications support to response efforts during incidents requiring a coordinated federal response. This ESF implements the provisions of the Office of Science and Technology Policy National Plan for Telecommunications Support in Non-Wartime Emergencies. ESF #2 also provides communications support to federal, state, tribal, and local governments. It provides support to first responders when their systems have been impacted, and provides communications and information technology support to the joint field office (JFO) and JFO field teams.
  • ESF coordinator: DHS/National Communications System.
  • Primary agencies: DHS/Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA).
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • USDA.
    • DOC.
    • DOD.
    • DHS.
    • DOI.
    • Federal Communications Commission.
    • GSA.
  • DOD responsibilities:
    • Promptly notifies the communications branch director of all communications requirements, assets available, and assets deployed to the incident area.
    • Provides resources and capabilities to relief operations after other federal resources and capabilities are exhausted.
    • The secretary of defense and assistant secretary of defense for homeland defense provide civilian oversight and policy direction for the use of DOD assets in defense support to civil authorities (DSCA).
    • The joint director of military support serves as the DOD action agent for DSCA.
    • The defense coordination office/defense coordinating element serves as the DOD interface to FEMA and the federal coordinating officer at JFO and the single point of contact for requesting DOD assistance.


ESF #3: Public Works and Engineering

  • Scope:
    • Infrastructure protection and emergency repair.
    • Infrastructure restoration.
    • Engineering services and construction management.
    • Emergency contracting support for lifesaving and life-sustaining services.
  • Purpose: Public works and engineering assists DHS by coordinating and organizing the capabilities and resources of the federal government to facilitate the delivery of services, technical assistance, engineering expertise, construction management, and other support to prepare for, respond to, and recover from a disaster or an incident requiring a coordinated federal response.
  • ESF coordinator: DOD/U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE).
  • Primary agencies: DOD/USACE; DHS/FEMA.
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • USDA.
    • DOC.
    • DOD.
    • DOE.
    • Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
    • DHS.
    • DOI.
    • Department of Labor (DOL).
    • DOS.
    • DOT.
    • Department of Veterans Affairs (VA).
    • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
    • GSA.
    • Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC).
    • Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).
    • American Red Cross (ARC).
    • Corporation for National and Community Service.
  • DOD/Navy supervisor of salvage and diving responsibilities:
    • Provides expertise and conducts/supports specialized salvage/wreck removal operations as part of a coordinated response and restoration strategy.
    • Exercises and manages regional standing emergency salvage contracts to quickly draw upon the required resources of the commercial salvage industry.
    • Accesses and coordinates the U.S. Navy's hydrographic survey assets and capabilities.
    • Coordinates salvage and wreck removal operations when requested.


ESF #4: Firefighting

  • Scope: Coordination of federal firefighting activities. Support to wildland, rural, and urban firefighting operations.
  • Purpose: Firefighting provides federal support for the detection and suppression of wildland, rural, and urban fires resulting from, or occurring coincidentally with, an incident requiring a coordinated federal response for assistance.
  • ESF coordinator: USDA/Forest Service.
  • Primary agency: USDA/Forest Service.
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • DOC.
    • DOD.
    • DHS.
    • DOI.
    • DOS.
    • EPA.
  • DOD responsibilities:
    • Assumes full responsibility for firefighting activities on DOD installations.
    • Supports firefighting operations on nonmilitary lands with personnel, equipment, and supplies under the terms of the current interagency agreement between DOD, USDA, and DOI, including the arrangement of liaisons as required.
    • USACE: Provides contracting services through ESF #3, Public Works and Engineering to urban and rural firefighting forces to obtain heavy equipment and/or demolition services as needed to suppress incident-related fires.


ESF #5: Emergency Management

  • Scope:
    • Incident management and response effort coordination.
    • Issuance of mission assignments.
    • Resource and human capital administration.
    • Incident action planning.
    • Financial management.
  • Purpose: Responsible for supporting overall activities of the federal government for domestic incident management. ESF #5 provides the core management and administrative functions in support of national response coordination center, regional response coordination center, and JFO operations.
  • ESF coordinator: DHS/FEMA.
  • Primary agency: DHS/FEMA.
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • USDA.
    • DOC.
    • DOD.
    • Department of Education.
    • DOE.
    • HHS.
    • DHS.
    • Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).
    • DOI.
    • DOJ.
    • DOL.
    • DOS.
    • DOT.
    • Department of the Treasury.
    • VA.
    • EPA.
    • Federal Communications Commission.
    • GSA.
    • National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
    • NRC.
    • Office of Personnel Management (OPM).
    • Small Business Administration (SBA).
    • TVA.
    • USPS.
    • ARC.
  • DOD responsibilities: National security; dam security (USACE); and hydrology, stream flows, and water-level data (USACE).


ESF #6: Mass Care, Emergency Assistance, Housing, and Human Services

  • Scope:
    • Mass care.
    • Emergency assistance.
    • Disaster housing.
    • Human services.
  • Purpose: ESF #6 coordinates the delivery of federal mass care, emergency assistance, housing, and human services when local, tribal, and state response and recovery needs exceed their capabilities.
  • ESF coordinator: DHS/FEMA.
  • Primary agency: DHS/FEMA.
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • USDA.
    • DOD.
    • HHS.
    • DHS.
    • HUD.
    • DOI.
    • DOJ.
    • DOL.
    • DOT.
    • Department of Treasury.
    • VA.
    • GSA.
    • SBA.
    • Social Security Administration.
    • USPS.
    • ARC.
    • Corporation for National and Community Service.
    • National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster (NVOAD).
    • Other voluntary agency and nongovernmental support organizations.
  • DOD/USACE responsibilities:
    • Fulfills mass care requirements for ice and water in coordination with ESF #6.
    • Provides assistance by inspecting mass care shelter sites to ensure suitability and accessibility of facilities to safely shelter victims.
    • Provides assistance in constructing temporary shelter facilities, including accessible shelters, in the affected area, as required.
    • Provides temporary housing support, such as temporary structures and expedited repair of damaged homes (to include temporary roofing or other repairs that facilitate reoccupation of minimally damaged structures), as necessary.


ESF #7: Logistics Management and Resource Support

  • Scope:
    • Comprehensive, national disaster logistics planning, management and sustainment capability that harnesses the resources of federal logistics partners, key public and private stakeholders, and NGOs to meet the needs of disaster victims and responders.
    • Resource support (facility space, office equipment and supplies, contracting services, etc.).
  • Purpose: ESF #7 assists DHS by:
    • DHS/ FEMA logistics provide a comprehensive, national disaster logistics planning, management, and sustainment capability that harnesses the resources of federal logistics partners, key public and private stakeholders, and NGOs to meet the needs of disaster victims and responders.
    • The GSA supports federal agencies and state, tribal, and local governments in need of resource support prior to, during, and/or after incidents requiring a coordinated federal response.
  • ESF coordinators: GSA; DHS/FEMA.
  • Primary agencies: GSA; DHS/FEMA.
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • USDA.
    • DOC.
    • DOD.
    • DOE.
    • HHS.
    • DOI.
    • DOL.
    • DOT.
    • VA.
    • NASA.
    • OPM.
  • DOD responsibilities: When requested by FEMA and approved by DOD, DOD provides subsistence, administrative supplies, petroleum products, engineering and construction materials, personal demand items (water and ice), major end items (mobile units), medical materiel, telecommunications management, and transportation management.


ESF #8: Public Health and Medical Services

  • Scope:
    • Public health.
    • Medical.
    • Mental health services.
    • Mass fatality management.
  • Purpose: Public health and medical services provide the mechanisms for coordinated federal assistance to supplement state, tribal, and local resources in response to a public health and medical disaster, potential or actual incidents requiring a coordinated federal response, and support during the development of a potential health and medical emergency. The phrase "medical needs" is used throughout this annex. Public health and medical services include responding to medical needs associated with mental health, behavioral health, and substance abuse considerations of incident victims and response workers. Services also cover the medical needs of members of "at-risk" or "special-needs" populations described in the Pandemic and All-Hazards Preparedness Act and in the NRF glossary. Members of at-risk and special-needs populations may have medical and other functional needs before, during, and after an incident.
  • Public health and medical services include behavioral health needs consisting of both mental health and substance abuse considerations for incident victims and response workers and, as appropriate, medical needs groups defined in the core document as individuals in need of additional medical response assistance and veterinary and/or animal health issues.
  • ESF coordinator: HHS.
  • Primary agency: HHS.
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • USDA.
    • DOC.
    • DOD.
    • DOE.
    • DHS.
    • DOI.
    • DOJ.
    • DOL.
    • DOS.
    • DOT.
    • VA.
    • EPA.
    • U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).
    • GSA.
    • USPS.
    • ARC.
  • DOD responsibilities:
    • Alerts DOD National Disaster Medical System (NDMS) federal coordinating centers (FCCs) for the Army, Navy, and Air Force and provide specific reporting/regulating instructions to support incident relief efforts.
    • Alerts DOD NDMS FCCs to activate NDMS patient reception plans in a phased, regional approach and, when appropriate, in a national approach.
    • At the request of HHS, provides support for the evacuation of patients and medical needs populations to locations where hospital care or outpatient services are available.
    • Using available DOD transportation resources in coordination with the NDMS Medical Interagency Coordination Group, evacuates and manages victims/patients from the patient collection point in or near the incident site to NDMS patient reception areas.
    • Provides available logistical support to public health/medical response operations.
    • Provides available medical personnel for casualty clearing/staging and other missions as needed including aero-medical evacuation and medical treatment.
    • Mobilizes and deploys available reserve and National Guard medical units, when authorized and necessary to provide support.
    • Coordinates patient reception, tracking, and management to nearby NDMS hospitals, VA hospitals, and DOD military treatment facilities that are available and can provide appropriate care.
    • Provides available military medical personnel to assist ESF #8 personnel with protecting public health through the management of food, water, wastewater, solid waste disposal, vectors, hygiene, and other environmental conditions.
    • Provides available veterinary military personnel to assist ESF #8 personnel with the medical treatment of animals.
    • Provides available DOD medical supplies for distribution to mass care centers and medical care locations for incident victims. Reimbursement is made to DOD.
    • Provides available emergency medical support to assist state, tribal, or local officials within the disaster area and in the surrounding area. Such services may include triage, medical treatment, mental health support, and the use of surviving DOD medical facilities within or near the incident area.
    • Provides assistance, as available, in managing human remains, including victim identification, mortuary affairs, and temporary internment of the dead.
    • Provides evaluation and risk management support through use of defense coordinating officers, emergency preparedness liaison officers, and joint regional medical planners.
    • Provides available blood products in coordination with HHS.
    • Provides medical surveillance, laboratory diagnostics, and confirmatory testing in coordination with HHS.
  • USACE: Through ESF #3, public works and engineering, USACE provides technical assistance, equipment, and supplies as required in support of HHS to accomplish temporary restoration of damaged public utilities affecting public health and medical facilities. In the event of a catastrophic mass fatality incident, USACE assists with the temporary interment of the dead.


ESF #9: Search and Rescue

  • Scope: Lifesaving assistance and search and rescue (SAR) operations (urban, waterborne, inland/wilderness, and aeronautical).
  • Purpose: SAR rapidly deploys components of the Federal SAR Response System to provide specialized lifesaving assistance to state, tribal, and local authorities when activated for incidents or potential incidents requiring a coordinated federal response.
  • ESF coordinator: DHS/FEMA.
  • Primary agencies: DHS/FEMA/U.S. Coast Guard (USCG); DOI/National Park Service; DOD/U.S. Air Force (USAF).
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • USDA.
    • DOC.
    • DOD.
    • HHS.
    • DHS.
    • DOJ.
    • DOL.
    • NASA.
    • USAID.
  • DOD responsibilities:
    • DOD/USAF/Air Force rescue coordination center (AFRCC) serves as the primary agency for ESF #9 during SAR operations for aviation-related incidents requiring a coordinated federal response both in open and wilderness areas and in the vicinity of airports and urban areas requiring the coordinated deployment of rescue personnel and equipment. U.S. SAR coordinators are as follows:
      • DOD/USAF/AFRCC is the SAR coordinator for the U.S. aeronautical search and rescue region corresponding to the contiguous United States.
      • DOD/U.S. Pacific Command is the SAR coordinator for the U.S. aeronautical SAR corresponding to Alaska, Hawaii, and the U.S. possessions and territories in the Pacific.
      • DOD maintains active, National Guard, and reserve components, facilities, and other resources that are used to support their own operations across the contiguous United States, Alaska, and Hawaii.
    • For incidents in which it is the primary agency, DOD/USAF/AFRCC:
      • Serves as headquarters-level ESF #9 coordinator during aeronautical SAR operations.
      • Provides incident reports, assessments, and situation reports.
      • Provides SAR command and control experts to augment a joint task force joint personnel recovery center in support of incidents requiring a coordinated federal response.
      • Facilitates resolution of any conflicting demands for aeronautical distress response resources and ensures coordination between DHS/USCG and other federal, state, tribal, and local emergency response activities, as appropriate.
  • DOD/National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA):
    • Coordinates and manages the timely tasking, acquisition, analysis, and delivery of satellite imagery or imagery-derived products as directed by the primary agency. Activities and sources may involve non-DOD/NGA facilities or resources.
    • Provides expert analysis of imagery to determine damage levels and other elements of essential information as needed. Additionally, DOD/NGA, as requested, will provide technical expertise/analysis from other imagery sources if such expertise resides within DOD/NGA.
    • Provides mobile geospatial intelligence to support SAR field teams or other DHS/FEMA field teams as directed by the primary agency. This support includes technical experts (specifically, imagery analysts and geospatial analysts) and robust communications that can assist in more focused, directed searches and eliminate duplicate search efforts.
    • Provides imagery-derived and geospatial intelligence analysis in preparation for potential disasters or emergencies.
    • Coordinates for the release and dissemination of DOD/NGA products and data in accordance with applicable security classifications, licensing, copyright agreements, and limited distribution restrictions.
  • DOD/USACE:
    • Provides pre-incident training for DHS/FEMA task force/ incident support team (IST) structures specialists, as well as for DOD/USACE structures specialists.
    • At the request of DHS, deploys trained structures specialists and technical search specialist teams to supplement urban search and rescue (US&R) task forces and ISTs.
    • Assists IST engineering cells and task forces with US&R efforts.
    • Provides structural engineering analysis, recommends hazard mitigation, recommends shoring, ascertains structural integrity and assesses whether buildings are safe to enter, and provides building stability monitoring.


ESF #10: Oil and Hazardous Materials Response

  • Scope: Oil and hazardous materials (chemical, biological, radiological, etc.) response and environmental short- and long-term cleanup.
  • Purpose: Hazardous materials response provides federal support in response to an actual or potential discharge and/or uncontrolled release of oil or hazardous materials when activated.
  • ESF coordinator: EPA.
  • Primary agencies: EPA; DHS/USC.
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • USDA.
    • DOC.
    • DOD.
    • DOE.
    • HHS.
    • DHS.
    • DOI.
    • DOJ.
    • DOL.
    • DOS.
    • DOT.
    • GSA.
    • NRC.
  • DOD responsibilities:
    • Provides on-scene coordinators and directs response actions for releases of hazardous materials from DOD vessels, facilities, vehicles, munitions, and weapons.
    • Provides DSCA in response to requests for assistance during domestic incidents. With the exception of support provided under immediate response authority, DOD resources must obtain the approval of the secretary of defense before responding to requests for assistance. Details regarding DSCA and immediate response authority are provided in the NRF core document.
  • USACE provides response and recovery assistance to incidents involving contaminated debris, including chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear contamination. The scope of actions may include waste sampling, classification, packaging, transportation, treatment, demolition, and disposal.
  • The Navy supervisor of salvage, following appropriate statutory authorities, provides technical, operational, and emergency support in the ocean-engineering disciplines of marine salvage, pollution abatement, and diving services.


ESF #11: Agriculture and Natural Resources

  • Scope:
    • Nutrition assistance.
    • Animal and plant disease and pest response.
    • Food safety and security.
    • Natural and cultural resources and historic properties protection and restoration.
    • Safety and well being of household pets.
  • Purpose: Agriculture and natural resources officials support state, tribal, and local authorities and other federal agency efforts to provide nutrition assistance; control and eradicate, as appropriate, any outbreak of a highly contagious or economically devastating animal/zoonotic (transmitted between animals and people) disease, or any outbreak of an economically devastating plant-based pest or disease; ensure the safety and security of the commercial food supply; protect natural and cultural resources and historic properties resources; and provide for the safety and well-being of household pets during an emergency response or evacuation situation.
  • ESF coordinator: USDA.
  • Primary agencies: USDA; DOI.
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • USDA.
    • DOC.
    • DOD.
    • DOE.
    • HHS.
    • DHS.
    • DOI.
    • DOJ.
    • DOL.
    • DOS.
    • DOT.
    • EPA.
    • GSA.
    • National Archives and Records Administration.
    • USPS.
    • Advisory Council on Historic Preservation.
    • ARC.
    • Heritage Emergency National Task Force.
  • DOD responsibilities:
    • Assesses the availability of DOD food supplies and storage facilities capable of storing dry, chilled, and frozen food.
    • Assesses the availability of DOD transportation equipment, material handling equipment, and personnel for support. This responsibility is confined to the posts, camps, and stations within or adjacent to the affected area.
    • Assesses the availability of laboratory and diagnostic support, subject-matter expertise, and technical assistance that may be provided.
    • Assists animal emergency-response organizations or others as requested and appropriate. Provides resources including senior Army Veterinary Corps officers to function as defense veterinary liaison officers and defense veterinary support officers (who serve as the onsite point of contact for DOD veterinary functions) and other military specialists trained in foreign animal disease diagnosis, epidemiology, microbiology, immunology, entomology, pathology, and public health.
    • Provides laboratory support to assist and augment the capabilities of the USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
  • USACE provides expertise and resources to assist in the removal and disposal of contaminated and noncontaminated debris, to include animal carcasses and debris affecting natural and cultural resources and historic properties resources.


ESF #12: Energy

  • Scope:
    • Energy infrastructure assessment, repair, and restoration.
    • Energy industry utilities coordination.
    • Energy forecast.
  • Purpose: ESF #12, when activated by the secretary of homeland security for incidents requiring coordinated federal responses, is intended to facilitate the restoration of damaged energy systems and components. Under DOE leadership, ESF #12 is an integral part of the larger DOE responsibility of maintaining continuous and reliable energy supplies for the United States through preventive measures and restoration and recovery actions.
  • ESF coordinator: DOE.
  • Primary agencies: DOE.
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • USDA.
    • DOC.
    • DOD.
    • DHS.
    • DOI.
    • DOL.
    • DOS.
    • DOT.
    • EPA.
    • NRC.
    • TVA.
  • DOD/USACE responsibilities: Coordinates emergency power team missions with power-system restoration activities to establish priorities for emergency generator installation.


ESF #13: Public Safety and Security

  • Scope:
    • Facility and resource security.
    • Security planning and technical and resource assistance.
    • Public safety and security support.
    • Support to access, traffic, and crowd control.
  • Purpose: ESF #13 integrates federal public safety and security capabilities and resources to support the full range of incident management activities associated with potential or actual incidents requiring a coordinated federal response.
  • ESF coordinator: DOJ.
  • Primary agency: DOJ.
  • Supporting federal agencies: All federal departments and agencies possessing a public safety and security capability.
  • DOD/USACE responsibilities: Provides physical and electronic security systems assistance and expertise.


ESF #14: Long-Term Community Recovery and Mitigation

  • Scope:
    • Social and economic community impact assessment.
    • Long-term community recovery assistance to states, local governments, and the private sector.
    • Analysis and review of mitigation program implementation.
  • Purpose: ESF #14 provides a mechanism for coordinating federal support to state, tribal, regional, and local governments; NGOs; and the private sector to enable community recovery from the long-term consequences of extraordinary disasters. ESF #14 accomplishes this by identifying and facilitating availability and use of sources of recovery funding, and providing technical assistance (such as impact analyses) for community recovery and recovery planning support.
  • ESF coordinator: DHS/FEMA.
  • Primary agency: USDA; DHS; HUD; SBA.
  • Supporting federal agencies:
    • DOC.
    • DOD.
    • DOE.
    • HHS.
    • DOI.
    • DOL.
    • DOT.
    • Department of the Treasury.
    • EPA.
    • Corporation for National and Community Service.
    • Delta Regional Authority.
    • ARC.
    • NVOAD.
  • DOD/USACE responsibilities: Provides technical assistance in community planning and expertise in civil engineering and natural hazard risk assessment. Supports the development of national strategies and plans related to permanent and accessible housing, debris management, and the restoration of public facilities and infrastructure.


ESF #15: External Affairs

  • Scope:
    • Emergency public information and protective action guidance.
    • Media and community relations.
    • Congressional and international affairs.
    • Tribal and insular affairs.
  • Purpose: ESF #15 ensures that federal assets deployed to the field during incidents requiring a coordinated federal response are sufficient to provide accurate, coordinated, timely, and accessible information to affected audiences, including government, media, the private sector, and the local populace, including the special needs population. ESF #15 provides the resource support and mechanisms to implement the NRF incident communications emergency policy and procedures described in the Public Affairs Support Annex. Additional information about external affairs can be found in the ESF #15 standing operating procedure, located on the DHS/FEMA website.
  • ESF coordinator: DHS.
  • Primary agency: DHS/FEMA.
  • Supporting federal agencies: All.
  • DOD responsibilities: Depending on the nature and scope of the incident, all federal departments and agencies support the NRF and are responsible for providing appropriate support for ESF #15 as required.

 


 

Last Reviewed: May 18, 2012

 
          |   Privacy and Security Notice   |     |   Accessibility Help   |   External Link Disclaimer   |   No Fear Act   |
 
|   U.S. Army   |   Tradoc   TRADOC   |   iSALUTE   | Ft. Leavenworth   |   Site Map   |   FOIA   |   USA.GOV   |   This is an official U.S. Army Site   |