References and Resources
- Agribusiness denotes the collective business activities performed from farm to table. It covers the supply of agricultural inputs, production, and transformation of agricultural products and their distribution to final consumers. Agribusiness is one of the main generators of employment and income worldwide.
- Agricultural chains involve fresh produce only.
- Agribusiness chains involve products that receive some degree of processing and non-food products such as fibers, textiles, and leathers.
- Basic agrifood chains are centered on products such as grains, tubers, and oil crops and are characterized by low elasticity of demand, low level of processing, and trade dominated by a small number of participants. Products of this type of agrifood chain are rice, wheat, and soybean.
- Differentiated agrifood chains involve products with special characteristics that distinguish them from commodities. This type of chain requires a high degree of coordination between producers, processors, and distributors; and there is also a degree of vertical integration between the links. Products of this type of chain include wine and organic products.
- Simple chains include only stakeholders and links that are directly related to the product in the various production and marketing phases.
- Extended chains are chains in which other chains may touch or interlink with it at some point and generally provide important inputs for obtaining the final product.
- Business partnerships refer to the capacity of the various chain participants to coordinate efforts, resources, and skills to jointly solve problems and make the most of opportunities. Business partnerships are defined as agreements or linkages between two or more actors who come together to achieve common goals efficiently. Cooperation of this type can involve exchange of knowledge, technology, trust, and capacities and the sharing of risks and profits.
- A business partnership should be seen as a process rather than as a product or outcome, given the dynamic and changing nature of terms of trade, objectives, targets, and expectations between the parties. An advantage of the business partnership approach is that it helps small- and medium-scale farmers to participate in agrifood chains, enabling them to more effectively overcome the problems of market access, information, financing, infrastructure, technological innovation, and deficient institutional capacity generated by structural reforms and the globalization of economic activities.
Center for Army Lessons Learned Handbooks
09-37, Small-Unit Operations in Afghanistan
09-27, Commander's Guide to Money as a Weapons System
09-16, Field Ordering Officer and Paying Agent
09-02, First 100 Days Operation Enduring Freedom
08-47, Deployed COR (Contracting Officer's Representative)
08-43, Fratricide Avoidance
08-30, MRAP Vehicles
07-34, Provincial Reconstruction Team Playbook
07-30, Family Readiness Group
07-23, Rear Detachment Operations
07-11, Provincial Reconstruction Teams
06-31, Uparmored High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) Rollover Prevention and Egress Training
Graphic Training Aid
Graphic Training Aid 21-08-002, Basic Combat Training Smart Card, April 2008
Afghan Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation, and Livestock
Afghan Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development
Center for Army Lessons Learned
United States Department of Agriculture Foreign Agricultural Service
United States Agency for International Development
Marine Corps Intelligence Activity Afghanistan Micro Mission Guide
Marine Corps Intelligence Activity Afghanistan Road Map
Department of Defense Afghanistan Country Handbook